Independent mobility means children’s opportunity of free play in the neighborhood without adult supervision. Meanwhile, mobility restriction has affected child environmental friendliness of military barrack community in developing countries including Nigeria. The aim of this study is to explore underlying parameters of independent mobility in advancing child-friendly barrack. Thirty journal articles in children’s environment studies were reviewed and analyzed in relation to military geographies and its built environment. Children’s level of independent mobility influences their physical, social, cognitive, and emotional developments. Consequently, walking or cycling-friendly environment as active travel mode for children was found to have positively contributed to improved quality of life.