1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Mechanism of Vasodilation by Nitrates: Role of Cyclic GMP

      , ,

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Nitrovasodilators relax vascular smooth muscle by stimulating soluble guanylate cyclase (GC). The resulting rise in cGMP probably initiates Ca extrusion from the smooth muscle cell which causes relaxation. Since repeated administration of organic nitrates, particularly nitroglycerin, leads to tolerance, i.e. a decrease in the vasodilator effect, it was studied whether (a) tolerance was a peripheral phenomenon occurring in the vascular smooth muscle, and (b) was due to an impairment of GC activation.In isolated circular strips of bovine coronary arteries, 90 min pretreatment with nitroglycerin greatly lowered the relaxing as well as the cGMP increasing response to nitroglycerin, indicating tolerance induction. Tolerance, although to a lesser extent, was also obtained with other organic nitrates under similar conditions, including IS 5-MN. Little (nitroprusside Na) to negligible tolerance was obtained with sodium nitrate and SIN-1, the active metabolite of molsidomine. The latter group of drugs stimulated soluble GC in vitro in the absence of cysteine whereas organic nitrates required the presence of this thiol. Preincubation with nitroglycerin almost completely inactivated GC whereas other organic nitrates had little effect.The results indicate that tolerance is caused by an impairment of GC function in the smooth muscle cell, particularly when elicited by nitroglycerin, and that differences in the degree of tolerance development by various nitrovasodilators are possibly due to different mechanisms of activation and inactivation of GC as well as differences in cysteine requirement.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-4626-3
          978-3-318-01758-8
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1987
          1987
          11 November 2008
          : 74
          : Suppl 1
          : 12-19
          Affiliations
          Institute of Pharmacodynamics and Toxicology, University of Graz, Austria
          Article
          174258 Cardiology 1987;74:12–19
          10.1159/000174258
          2886220
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Paper

          General medicine, Neurology, Cardiovascular Medicine, Internal medicine, Nephrology

          Comments

          Comment on this article