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      Pharmacokinetic characteristics of telaprevir in healthy Korean male subjects and comparisons with Japanese

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          Abstract

          Introduction

          Telaprevir, a reversible selective inhibitor of viral protease and a potential blocker of viral replication, is indicated for the treatment of hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection. In this study, the pharmacokinetic profile, safety, and tolerability of telaprevir and the effect of food on telaprevir exposure were evaluated in healthy Korean subjects, and compared with data from a previous study in Japanese male subjects.

          Methods

          The single ascending dose study was conducted in 3 dose-based groups (500, 750, and 1,250 mg, six subjects each) in a fasted state. In the multiple dose study, eight subjects in the fed state received 750 mg of telaprevir once on Day 1 and every 8 hours from Day 2 until the morning of Day 6. Serial blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis were collected for up to 24 hours in the single ascending dose study and for 6 days in the multiple dose study. Individual pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using a non-compartmental analysis method. Safety and tolerability profiles were evaluated throughout the study.

          Results

          Following multiple administrations of telaprevir, maximum plasma concentrations (C max), area under the concentration–time curve (AUC 0–8), and C trough (concentration at 8 h after drug administration) increased by ~2.41-fold. Compared to fasted state values, mean C max and AUC 0–24 increased by 4.92- and 4.81-fold, respectively, after food intake. The C max and AUC inf of Korean subjects were 26%–34% higher than those of Japanese subjects; however, these differences were not clinically significant. All observed adverse events were mild and there was no discontinuation due to AEs.

          Conclusion

          In conclusion, the telaprevir’s pharmacokinetic characteristics were similar in Korean and Japanese subjects. Telaprevir was well tolerated in a single dose of up to 1,250 mg and in multiple doses of 750 mg.

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          Most cited references 13

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          Rapid decline of viral RNA in hepatitis C patients treated with VX-950: a phase Ib, placebo-controlled, randomized study.

          VX-950 specifically inhibits the NS3.4A protease of hepatitis C and has antiviral activity in vitro. This phase I, placebo-controlled, double-blind study evaluated the antiviral activity, pharmacokinetics, and safety of VX-950 in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Thirty-four patients with genotype 1 CHC were randomized to receive placebo or VX-950 at doses of 450 mg or 750 mg every 8 hours or 1250 mg every 12 hours for 14 days. Of the 34 participants, 27 (79%) had failed prior treatment. Patients were monitored for safety and tolerability of VX-950. Plasma VX-950 concentrations and HCV RNA levels were measured. VX-950 was well tolerated and had substantial antiviral effects: viral loads dropped > or =2 log(10) in all 28 patients treated with VX-950 and > or =3 log(10) in 26 (93%) of the 28 patients. In the 750-mg-dose group, which had the highest trough plasma drug concentrations, the median reduction of HCV RNA was 4.4 log(10) after 14 days. In the 450-mg and 1250-mg groups, the maximal effect was seen between days 3 and 7 of dosing, and median HCV RNA increased between days 7 and 14; median reductions at day 14 were 2.4 log(10) and 2.2 log(10), respectively. Median alanine aminotransferase levels decreased during dosing in all VX-950 groups. VX-950 was well tolerated and demonstrated substantial antiviral activity. Some patients had viral breakthrough during dosing, related to selection of variants with decreased sensitivity to VX-950. The results support further studies of VX-950 in patients with CHC.
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            Viral hepatitis and the Global Burden of Disease: a need to regroup.

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              Antiviral activity of telaprevir (VX-950) and peginterferon alfa-2a in patients with hepatitis C.

              Telaprevir (VX-950), an inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A protease, substantially decreased plasma HCV RNA levels in a prior clinical study. The present study evaluated viral kinetics and safety during dosing with telaprevir alone and in combination with peginterferon alfa-2a for 14 days. Previously untreated patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C were randomized to receive placebo and peginterferon alfa-2a (n = 4); telaprevir (n = 8); or telaprevir and peginterferon alfa-2a (n = 8). Telaprevir was given as 750 mg oral doses every 8 hours; peginterferon alfa-2a was given as weekly 180 mug subcutaneous injections. The median change in HCV RNA from baseline to day 15 was -1.09 log(10) (range, -2.08 to -0.46) in the placebo and peginterferon alfa-2a group; -3.99 log(10) (range, -5.28 to -1.26) in the telaprevir group, and -5.49 log(10) (range, -6.54 to -4.30) in the telaprevir and peginterferon alfa-2a group. Day 15 HCV RNA levels were undetectable in 4 patients who received telaprevir and peginterferon alfa-2a and in 1 patient who received telaprevir alone. No viral breakthrough occurred in patients who received telaprevir and peginterferon alfa-2a. The majority of adverse events were mild. There were no serious adverse events or premature discontinuations. Twelve weeks after starting off-study standard therapy, HCV RNA was undetectable in all 8 patients in the telaprevir and peginterferon alfa-2a group, 5 patients in the telaprevir group, and 1 patient in the placebo and peginterferon alfa-2a group. This study confirmed the substantial antiviral effects of telaprevir and showed an increased antiviral effect of telaprevir combined with peginterferon alfa-2a.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                Dove Medical Press
                1177-8881
                2018
                30 April 2018
                : 12
                : 1045-1051
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
                [2 ]Ikuyaku Integrated Value Development Division, Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation, Osaka, Japan
                [3 ]Sohyaku Innovative Research Division, Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation, Tokyo, Japan
                Author notes
                Correspondence: In-Jin Jang, Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, 101, Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Republic of Korea, Tel +82 22 072 1910, Fax +82 2 742 9252, Email ijjang@ 123456snu.ac.kr
                Article
                dddt-12-1045
                10.2147/DDDT.S148117
                5933357
                © 2018 Choi et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited

                The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.

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