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      Video Understanding as Machine Translation

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          Abstract

          With the advent of large-scale multimodal video datasets, especially sequences with audio or transcribed speech, there has been a growing interest in self-supervised learning of video representations. Most prior work formulates the objective as a contrastive metric learning problem between the modalities. To enable effective learning, however, these strategies require a careful selection of positive and negative samples often combined with hand-designed curriculum policies. In this work we remove the need for negative sampling by taking a generative modeling approach that poses the objective as a translation problem between modalities. Such a formulation allows us to tackle a wide variety of downstream video understanding tasks by means of a single unified framework, without the need for large batches of negative samples common in contrastive metric learning. We experiment with the large-scale HowTo100M dataset for training, and report performance gains over the state-of-the-art on several downstream tasks including video classification (EPIC-Kitchens), question answering (TVQA), captioning (TVC, YouCook2, and MSR-VTT), and text-based clip retrieval (YouCook2 and MSR-VTT).

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          12 June 2020
          Article
          2006.07203

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

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          cs.CV

          Computer vision & Pattern recognition

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