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      Influence of low temperatures on the cercarial shedding ofParamphistomum daubneyifrom the snailLymnaea truncatula

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      Parasite

      EDP Sciences

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          Abstract

          Lymnaeids in nature are subjected to temperature fluctuations that may have an influence on the shedding of cercariae. Thus, experimental infections of Lymnaea truncatula by Paramphistomum daubneyi were performed to determine whether a sudden fall in temperature--daily dipping of infected snails into spring water at 14-15 degrees C, or at 6-8 degrees C--followed by its increase at 20 degrees C in the subsequent hour, had an influence on the characteristics of snail infection and cercarial production. The immersion of infected snails in cold water during a short period delayed the first cercarial shedding, at day 66 on average, in the 6-8 degrees C group vs at day 57 in the 14-15 degrees C group, or at day 49 in the 20 degrees C group. The percentage of cercaria-shedding snails was greater in the 6-8 degrees C group than in the 14-15 degrees C and the 20 degrees C ones: 41.8% vs 17.3% and 7.1%, respectively. The total number of cercariae given by each infected snail was also higher in the 6-8 degrees C group. A fall in the temperature of water during daily change, followed by its increase at 20 degrees C within the subsequent hour, stimulated the cercarial shedding of P. daubneyi.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Parasite
          Parasite
          EDP Sciences
          1252-607X
          1776-1042
          March 1999
          September 2014
          : 6
          : 1
          : 85-88
          Article
          10.1051/parasite/1999061085
          10229944
          © 1999

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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          Self URI (journal page): http://www.parasite-journal.org/

          Parasitology, Life sciences

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