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      Characteristics and Prognosis of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction in Relation to whether They Were Treated in the Coronary Care Unit or in Another Ward


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          The characteristics and the prognosis in 921 consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) admitted to one single hospital are described and related to whether they were treated in the coronary care unit or not. Patients treated in the coronary care unit (n = 779) had a 1-year mortality rate of 26% as compared with 41 % for patients treated in general wards (n = 115; p < 0.001) and 74% for patients treated in the intensive care unit (n = 27; p < 0.001). Patients treated outside the coronary care unit had a different risk factor pattern including a higher age and a higher prevalence of a previous cardiovascular disease. Independent clinical risk indicators for death among patients in the coronary care unit were in order of significance, high age (p < 0.001), arrhythmia on admission (p < 0.01), acute congestive heart failure on admission (p < 0.01) and a history of diabetes mellitus (p < 0.05). In patients treated in general wards, the only risk indicator for death was a history of congestive heart failure.

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          Author and article information

          S. Karger AG
          14 November 2008
          : 81
          : 2-3
          : 134-144
          Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine I, University of Göteborg, Sweden
          175788 Cardiology 1992;81:134–144
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          : 20 June 1992
          : 26 June 1992
          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Coronary Care

          General medicine,Neurology,Cardiovascular Medicine,Internal medicine,Nephrology
          Coronary care unit,Prognosis,Acute myocardial infarction


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