The paper explores the opportunities and characteristics of early women psychoanalysts in Hungary. It discusses the increasing presence of women, analyzing its possible roots, and explores the social background, education, professional positions, and fields of research of women analysts. It tries to interpret the role of gender in their personal and professional identity, as well as the influence of other social and professional factors on their life and work. The study also examines women analysts’ views of the subject of femininity, female sexuality or the mother-child relationship. After a social-historical overview, the paper presents the life course of a few significant early Hungarian women psychoanalysts.