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Considerações anatômicas e análise de óleo essencial do hipanto e do fruto de Hennecartia omphalandra J. Poisson (Monimiaceae) Translated title: Anatomical considerations and essential oil analysis of the hypanthium and the fruit of Hennecartia omphalandra J. Poisson (Monimiaceae)

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      Abstract

      Descreve-se o estudo morfo-anatômico e a análise de óleo essencial do fruto de Hennecartia omphalandra J. Poisson (Monimiaceae), uma planta tóxica. A ocorrência de feixes recurrentes e de um anel descontínuo de braquiesclereides no hipanto; assim como a presença de células oleíferas no mesocarpo, de "idioesclereídes" formando o endocarpo e de células com espessamento parietal em rede, constituindo a testa da semente, foram considerados caracteres importantes que podem auxiliar na sua morfo-diagnose. A análise do óleo essencial dos frutos revelou a presença de monoterpenos, sesquiterpenos e álcoois sesquiterpênicos, sendo este o grupo mais significativo. Os componentes majoritários identificados foram o biciclogermacreno (19,6%) e o β-felandreno (8,7%), além do germacreno D (5,3%), α-bulneseno (5,1%) e valerianol (4,9%).

      Translated abstract

      The morphological and anatomical aspects of flower and fruit and the essential oil analysis of fruits of Hennecartia omphalandra J. Poisson (Monimiaceae), a toxic plant, are described in this paper. The presence of vascular recurrent bundles and of a ring of brachysclereids in the hypanthium; the oil cells in the mesocarp, the "idiosclereids" that constitutes the endocarp and cells with reticulated thick walls, shaping the seed coat were described as characters that may help in its diagnosis. The analysis of the essential oil of fruits showed the presence of monoterpenes, as well as sesquiterpenes hydrocarbons and alcohols, being the latter the most significant group. The major identified compounds were bicyclogermacrene (19.6%); β-felandrene (8.7%); germacrene D (5.3%); α - bulnesene (5.1%) and valerianol (4.9%).

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      Most cited references 58

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      Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry

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        Plant Microtechnique and Microscopy.

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
            [2 ] Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica de Química de Nilópolis Brasil
            [3 ] Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
            [4 ] Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Tecnologia Agroindustrial de Alimentos Brasil
            [5 ] Instituto Agronômico do Paraná Brazil
            [6 ] Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            rbfar
            Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
            Rev. bras. farmacogn.
            Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia (Curitiba )
            1981-528X
            September 2008
            : 18
            : 3
            : 415-429
            S0102-695X2008000300016 10.1590/S0102-695X2008000300016

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY

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