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      Primary Hyperparathyroidism in Pregnancy:Evidence-Based Management :

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          A 10-year prospective study of primary hyperparathyroidism with or without parathyroid surgery.

          In the United States, most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism have few or no symptoms. The need for parathyroidectomy to treat all patients with this disorder has therefore been questioned. We studied the clinical course and development of complications for periods of up to 10 years in 121 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, 101 (83 percent) of whom were asymptomatic. There were 30 men and 91 women (age range, 20 to 79 years). During the study, 61 patients (50 percent) underwent parathyroidectomy, and 60 patients were followed without surgery. Parathyroidectomy in patients with or without symptoms led to normalization of serum calcium concentrations and a mean (+/-SE) increase in lumbar-spine bone mineral density of 8+/-2 percent after 1 year (P=0.005) and 12+/-3 percent after 10 years (P=0.03). Bone mineral density of the femoral neck increased 6+/-1 percent after 1 year (P=0.002) and 14+/-4 percent after 10 years (P=0.002). Bone mineral density of the radius did not change significantly. The 52 asymptomatic patients who did not undergo surgery had no change in serum calcium concentration, urinary calcium excretion, or bone mineral density. However, 14 of these 52 patients (27 percent) had progression of disease, defined as the development of at least one new indication for parathyroidectomy. All 20 patients with symptoms had kidney stones. None of the 12 who underwent parathyroidectomy had recurrent kidney stones, whereas 6 of the 8 patients who did not undergo surgery did have a recurrence. In patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, parathyroidectomy results in the normalization of biochemical values and increased bone mineral density. Most asymptomatic patients who did not undergo surgery did not have progression of disease, but approximately one quarter of them did have some progression.
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            Primary hyperparathyroidism. Incidence, morbidity, and potential economic impact in a community.

            We examined the incidence and clinical and economic consequences of primary hyperparathyroidism in residents of Rochester, Minn, from 1965 through 1976; 90 cases were found. From January 1, 1965, to June 31, 1974, the average annual incidence was 7.8 +/- 1.2 (mean +/- S.D.) cases per 100,000 population. However, after the introduction of routine measurement of serum calcium, the average annual incidence rose to 51.1 +/- 9.6 cases per 100,000. Even after availability of routine measurement of serum calcium, the annual incidence of primary hyperparathyroidism among persons 39 years of age or younger remained below 10 cases per 100,000. However, the annual incidence increased sharply in persons 40 or more years of age, reaching 188 cases per 100,000 among women 60 years of age and over and 92 cases per 100,000 among men 60 and over. For the last 1.5 years of the study, the average annual age-adjusted incidence of primary hyperparathyroidism was 27.7 +/- 5.8 per 100,000. The frequency of urolithiasis fell from 51 to 4 per cent (P less than 0.001), and the proportion of cases without symptoms or complications of primary hyperparathyroidism rose from 18 to 51 per cent (P less than 0.005). The median charge in 1977 for diagnosis and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism was $1700. (N Engl J Med 302:189-193, 1980).
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              1α, 25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 and 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in vitro synthesis by human decidua and placenta

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
                Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
                Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
                0029-7828
                2002
                June 2002
                : 57
                : 6
                : 365-376
                Article
                10.1097/00006254-200206000-00022
                © 2002

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