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      Trend of Occupational Injuries/Diseases in Pakistan: Index Value Analysis of Injured Employed Persons from 2001–02 to 2012–13

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          Abstract

          Background

          The present study aimed to analyze the index value trends of injured employed persons (IEPs) covered in Pakistan Labour Force Surveys from 2001–02 to 2012–13.

          Methods

          The index value method based on reference years and reference groups was used to analyze the IEP trends in terms of different criteria such as gender, area, employment status, industry types, occupational groups, types of injury, injured body parts, and treatment received. The Pearson correlation coefficient analysis was also performed to investigate the inter-relationship of different occupational variables.

          Results

          The values of IEP increased at the end of the studied year in industry divisions such as agriculture, forestry, hunting, and fishing, followed by in manufacturing and construction industry divisions. People associated with major occupations (such as skilled agricultural and fishery workers) and elementary (unskilled) occupations were found to be at an increasing risk of occupational injuries/diseases with an increasing IEP trend. Types of occupational injuries such as sprain or strain, superficial injury, and dislocation increased during the studied years. Major injured parts of body such as upper limb and lower limb found with increasing trend. Types of treatment received, including hospitalization and no treatment, were found to decrease. Increased IEP can be justified due to inadequate health care facilities, especially in rural areas by increased IEP in terms of gender, areas, received treatment, occupational groups and employment status as results found after Pearson correlation coefficient analysis.

          Conclusion

          The increasing trend in the IEP% of the total employed persons due to agrarian activities shows that there is a need to improve health care setups in rural areas of Pakistan.

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          Most cited references 19

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          Public health approaches to occupational injury prevention: do they work?

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            Non-fatal Occupational Injuries among Non-governmental Employees in Malaysia

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              Fatal occupational injuries among self-employed workers in North Carolina.

              Research suggests that rates of occupational injury and death may be higher among self-employed workers than in the wage and salaried population. This analysis was conducted to describe the demographic and occupational characteristics, as well as injuries, activities, and occupations of self-employed workers who are fatally injured on the job.
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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Meteorology Environment Arid Land Agriculture, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
                Author notes
                []Corresponding author. Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Meteorology Environment Arid Land Agriculture, King Abdul-Aziz University, Abdullah Suleiman Street, Al Jamiaa Area, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. mohsinabbas34@ 123456yahoo.com
                Contributors
                Journal
                Saf Health Work
                Saf Health Work
                Safety and Health at Work
                Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
                2093-7911
                2093-7997
                19 June 2015
                September 2015
                19 June 2015
                : 6
                : 3
                : 218-226
                26929831 4674496 S2093-7911(15)00050-5 10.1016/j.shaw.2015.05.004
                Copyright © 2015, Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

                This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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