Eight species belonging to five true bug families were analyzed using DAPI/CMA 3-staining and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with telomeric (TTAGG) n and 18S rDNA probes. Standard chromosomal complements are reported for the first time for Deraeocoris rutilus (Herrich-Schäffer, 1838) (2n=30+2m+XY) and Deraeocoris ruber (Linnaeus, 1758) (2n=30+2m+XY) from the family Miridae. Using FISH, the location of a 18S rDNA cluster was detected in these species and in five more species: Megaloceroea recticornis (Geoffroy, 1785) (2n=30+XY) from the Miridae; Oxycarenus lavaterae (Fabricius, 1787) (2n=14+2m+XY) from the Lygaeidae s.l.; Pyrrhocoris apterus (Linnaeus, 1758) (2n=22+X) from the Pyrrhocoridae; Eurydema oleracea (Linnaeus, 1758) (2n=12+XY) and Graphosoma lineatum (Linnaeus, 1758) (2n=12+XY) from the Pentatomidae. The species were found to differ with respect to location of a 18S rRNA gene cluster which resides on autosomes in Oxycarenus lavaterae and Pyrrhocoris apterus , whereas it locates on sex chromosomes in other five species. The 18S rDNA location provides the ﬁrst physical landmark of the genomes of the species studied. The insect consensus telomeric pentanucleotide (TTAGG) n was demonstrated to be absent in all the species studied in this respect, Deraeocoris rutilus , Megaloceroea recticornis , Cimex lectularius Linnaeus, 1758 ( Cimicidae), Eurydema oleracea , and Graphosoma lineatum , supporting the hypothesis that this motif was lost in early evolution of the Heteroptera and secondarily replaced with another motif (yet unknown) or the alternative telomerase-independent mechanisms of telomere maintenance. Dot-blot hybridization analysis of the genomic DNA from Cimex lectularius , Nabis sp. and Oxycarenus lavaterae with (TTAGG) n and six other telomeric probes likewise provided a negative result.