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      Improving of Interaction of Routes at High Density Stops by Adjusting Bus Arrival Time

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      Transport and Telecommunication Journal
      Walter de Gruyter GmbH

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          Abstract

          A significant part of the movement of the population in large cities is carried out by bus transport. Higher accessibility and connection to the network of other types of public transport are the main features of bus transport. The need for mass passenger transportation in Baku mainly is met by the metro and bus transport. A small number of metro stations and insufficient coverage of the city territory by metro network have significantly increased the load on the bus service. With the increase in passenger traffic, the frequency of bus routes has increased, and the intervals have decreased. As a result, bus traffic on some streets has become more intense. This led to an increase in the number of buses arriving at the stops at the same time and the formation of queues in front of the stops. To solve the problem, the article proposes a method for coordinating bus schedules of different routes and adjusting the time of arrival at a stop without changing the intervals. As a result of applying the proposed methodology, by modelling the sequence of bus arrivals in the Anylogic program, a reduction in queues and loss of time in front of the bus stop is justified. Simulation testing was carried out for the scenario of bus movement both in the general flow and along the bus lane.

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          Most cited references23

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          Determinants of Bus Dwell Time

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            Modelling public transport stops by microscopic simulation

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              Using simulation model as a tool for analyzing bus service reliability and implementing improvement strategies

              Bus services naturally tend to be unstable and are not always capable of adhering to schedules without control strategies. Therefore, bus users and bus service providers face travel time variation and irregularity. After a comprehensive review of the literature, a significant gap was recognized in the field of public transportation reliability. According to literature, there is no consistency in reliability definition and indicators. Companies have their own definition of bus service reliability, and they mostly neglect the passengers’ perspective of reliability. Therefore, four reliability indicators were selected in this study to fill the gap in the literature and cover both passengers’ and operators’ perceptions of reliability: waiting time and on-board crowding level from passengers’ perspective, and headway regularity index at stops (HRIS) and bus bunching/big gap percentage from operators’ perspective. The primary objective of this research is to improve the reliability of high frequency of bus service and simulation tools currently being used by the public transportation companies. Therefore, a simulation model of bus service was developed to study the strategies to alleviate it. Four different types of strategies were selected and implemented according to Route U32 (Kuala Lumpur) specifications. Model out-put showed that control strategies such as headway-based dispatching could significantly improve headway regularity by almost 62% and the waiting time by 51% on average. Both holding strategies at key stops (previous and Prefol holding) have shown an almost similar impact on reliability indicators. Waiting time was reduced by 44% and 43% after the previous and Prefol Headway strategies were adopted, respectively. However, the implementation of the component of headway-based strategies at the terminal and key stops showed the best impact on reliability, in terms of passenger waiting time. Waiting time and excess waiting time were both significantly reduced by 52.86% and 81.44%, respectively. Nevertheless, the strategies did not show any significant positive effect on the level of crowding during morning peak hours.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Transport and Telecommunication Journal
                Walter de Gruyter GmbH
                1407-6179
                June 01 2023
                June 17 2023
                June 01 2023
                June 01 2023
                June 17 2023
                June 01 2023
                : 24
                : 3
                : 309-319
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Azerbaijan Technical University Baku , Azerbaijan , H.Javid 25
                Article
                10.2478/ttj-2023-0025
                b00329d2-0869-4d4d-b646-b40f62508854
                © 2023

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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