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      Left Atrial Appendage Blood Flow Determined by Transesophageal Echocardiography in Patients with Complete Atrioventricular Block

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          Abstract

          Function of the left atrial appendage (LAA) represented by LAA outflow is an important predictor for thrombus formation in patients with nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation, but the pattern of LAA flow in patients with complete atrioventricular (AV) block has rarely been studied. Twenty-one patients with complete AV block and an implanted WI or WIR pacemaker were studied with transesophageal echocardiography. The LAA outflow velocity obtained during the ventricular diastolic phase was significantly higher than that obtained during the ventricular systolic phase (41.5 ± 6.0vs. 34.9 ± 9.7cm/s; p < 0.001). The LAA inflow velocity obtained during the ventricular diastolic phase was also significantly higher than that obtained during the ventricular systolic phase (29.9 ± 7.8 vs. 26.4 ± 5.3 cm/s; p < 0.01). In addition, the LAA outflow and inflow velocity time integrals during the ventricular diastolic phase were significantly higher than those during the ventricular systolic phase (4.66 ± 0.96 vs. 4.08 ± 1.05 cm, p < 0.01, and 2.81 ± 0.77 vs. 2.56 ± 0.65 cm, p < 0.05, respectively). Thus, due to both diastolic augmentation of the LAA flow related to active atrial contraction and minor early diastolic LAA flow formation, left ventricle diastolic function might have some influence on LAA flow. This may have implications for the pathogenesis of LAA thrombi in left ventricular dysfunction.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1996
          1996
          19 November 2008
          : 87
          : 1
          : 71-75
          Affiliations
          Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
          Article
          177063 Cardiology 1996;87:71–75
          10.1159/000177063
          8631049
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Diagnostic and Noninvasive Cardiology

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