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      Utilización de residuos de la industria de jugos de naranja como fuente de fibra dietética en la elaboración de alimentos

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          Abstract

          En este trabajo se plantea la formulación de un alimento tipo"snack" utilizando residuos en polvo provenientes de la industria procesadora de jugo de naranja, como fuente de fibra dietética. Para ello se elaboraron 6 formulaciones, utilizando el polvo con 3 niveles de humedad (25, 15 y 10%) que se incorporó a 2 mezclas, una compuesta por un 33,3% de polvo de naranja, 33,3% de miel, 16,6% de maní tostado y molido y 16,6% de pasas molidas y otra compuesta por un 28,6% de polvo de naranja, 35,7% de miel, 17,85% de maní y 17,85% de pasas. El residuo de naranja presentó un contenidode 64% de fibra dietética total, 54% fibra dietética insoluble y 10% fibra dietética soluble. Los "snack" tuvieron forma esférica con 2,5cm de diámetro y 10g de peso; una humedad que fluctuó entre 12,6 y 17,4%, y una actividad de agua entre 0,65 a 0,71. La composición proximal (base materia seca), fluctuó entre 1,6 y 1,9% de cenizas; 12,3 y 15,2% de lípidos; 6,1 y 7,1% de proteínas y 56,2 a 59,6% de hidratos de carbono con 326,8 a 342,9 Kcal/100g de producto. El aporte de fibra en los "snack" fluctuó entre un 20 a 26% de fibra dietética total, 18 a 22% de fibra dietética insoluble y 3,0 a 4,5% de fibra dietética soluble. El "snack" con mayor contenido de polvo de naranja presentó el mayor contenido de fibra dietética. Los "snack" fueron bien aceptados por el panel de evaluación sensorial sin registrar diferencias significativas entre los distintos tratamientos

          Translated abstract

          Orange juice residues as dietary fiber source for foods. Food snacks using powdered residues from the orange juice industry as a source of dietary fiber were formulated. Six formulations utilizing powdered orange residues with three different moisture levels (25%, 15% and 10%) were elaborated. There were used two basic blends. The first one was 33.3% of orange dry powder, 33.3% of honey, 16.6% of roasted peanut, 16.6% of raisins; the second one was 28.6% of orange powder, 35.7% of honey, 17.85% of roasted peanut, 17.85% of raisins. Snacks had spherical shape with 2.5 cm diameter and a weight close to 10g. The snack moisture was between 12.6 and 17.4%, and their aw between 0.65 and 0.71. The snack chemical composition, on dry matter basis, was 1.6 and 1.9% of ash; 12.3 and 15.2% of lipids; 6.1 and 7.1% of proteins; and 56.2 to 59.6% of carbohydrates; the caloric contribution (calculated) was between 326.8 and 342.9 kcal/100g. The powdered orange residue had 64% of total dietary fiber, 54% of insoluble dietary fiber and 10% of soluble dietary fiber. In the snack the fiber amount fluctuated between 20 and 26% of total dietary fiber; 18 and 22% of insoluble dietary fiber, and 3.0 and 4.5% of soluble dietary fiber. The snack with the higher content of orange residue presented the higher content of dietary fiber. The snacks were well accepted by a sensory panel, without showing differences among treatments

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          New approaches in the preparation of high dietary fibre powders from fruit by-products

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            Química de los Alimentos

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              Química de los alimentos

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                alan
                Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
                ALAN
                Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición (Caracas )
                0004-0622
                June 2007
                : 57
                : 2
                : 186-191
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad de Chile Chile
                Article
                S0004-06222007000200013
                b02a7c26-1956-4b04-8a85-ec5d03c4a072

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                Product

                SciELO Venezuela

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0004-0622&lng=en
                Categories
                NUTRITION & DIETETICS

                Nutrition & Dietetics
                Dietary fiber,orange peel,snack food,Fibra dietética,cáscara de naranja,alimentos,snack

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