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      Una visión en la evolución de las nociones de confiabilidad y mantenimiento en la civilización occidental desde la antigüedad hasta finales de los años cuarenta del siglo XX Translated title: A view on the evolution of the notions of reliability and maintenance in western civilization from antiquity to the late forties of the twentieth century

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          Abstract

          Este artículo es un trabajo documental, cuyo objetivo principal es establecer que los conocimientos teórico-práctico adquiridos por sociedades humanas en forma continua desde la antigüedad, han conformado el significado, aplicación y uso de la confiabilidad y el mantenimiento, reflejándolo en diseños de infraestructuras, sistemas, equipos, componentes y procesos, así como en modelos específicos de gestión de activos y acciones planificadas sistemáticamente en el tiempo para preservar esos activos, minimizando sus fallas funcionales y mejorando sus condiciones operacionales durante los ciclos de vida esperados. La metodología de trabajo se centró en investigar y correlacionar, el conocimiento y uso de la confiabilidad y el mantenimiento como resultado de un proceso de aprendizaje continuo y sistemático. Finalmente en los años cuarenta del siglo XX, naciones, instituciones y organizaciones dedican recursos a formalizar, documentar y recopilar los conocimientos y aprendizajes adquiridos en el diagnóstico de fallas, la valoración de la confiabilidad y el desempeño de activos, incluyendo además mejoras en los modelos de gestión y administración de recursos dedicados al mantenimiento. Se concluye que el desarrollo del conocimiento y uso de la confiabilidad y el mantenimiento, independientemente de la época facilitará el lograr mejoras en la productividad, minimizar riesgos y promover calidad de vida.

          Translated abstract

          This paper is a documentary work, whose main objective is to establish that theoretical and practical knowledge acquired by human societies continuously since ancient times, have shaped the meaning, application and use of reliability and maintenance, reflecting designs infrastructure, systems equipment, components and processes as well as specific types of asset management and systematically planned actions in time to preserve those assets, minimizing functional failures and improving their operational conditions during the expected life cycles. The methodology is focused on researching and mapping, knowledge and use of reliability and maintenance as a result of a process of continuous and systematic learning. Finally in the forties of the twentieth century, nations, institutions and organizations devote resources to formalize, document and compile knowledge and learning acquired in fault diagnosis, assessment of the reliability and performance of assets, also including improved models management and administration of resources devoted to maintenance. It is concluded that the development of knowledge and use of reliability and maintenance, regardless of the time facilitate improvements in productivity, minimize risk and promote quality of life.

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          What Ended the Great Depression?

          This paper examines the role of aggregate-demand stimulus in ending the Great Depression. Plausible estimates of the effects of fiscal and monetary changes indicate that nearly all the observed recovery of the U.S. economy prior to 1942 was due to monetary expansion. A huge gold inflow in the mid- and late 1930s swelled the money stock and stimulated the economy by lowering real interest rates and encouraging investment spending and purchases of durable goods. That monetary developments were crucial to the recovery implies that self-correction played little role in the growth of real output between 1933 and 1942.
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            The Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present

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              Between Taylorism and Technocracy: European ideologies and the vision of industrial productivity in the 1920s

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                uct
                Universidad, Ciencia y Tecnología
                uct
                Universidad Nacional Experimental Politécnica " Antonio José de Sucre", UNEXPO, Vicerrectorado Puerto Ordaz.
                1316-4821
                September 2015
                : 19
                : 76
                : 138-153
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad Simón Bolívar (USB)
                [2 ] Universidad Simón Bolívar (USB)
                Article
                S1316-48212015000300004
                b043b39f-ac90-461b-bee5-6d6cef04ab88

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                Product

                SciELO Venezuela

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=1316-4821&lng=en
                Categories
                ENGINEERING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

                General engineering
                Activos físicos,confiabilidad,decisiones,mantenimiento,sistemas,Physical assets,reliability,decisions,maintenance,systems

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