Atherosclerosis can lead to multiple cardiovascular diseases, especially myocardial infarction. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in multiple diseases, including atherosclerosis. LncRNA HOXA-AS3 was found to be notably upregulated in atherosclerosis. However, the biological function of HOXA-AS3 during the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis remains unclear.
Human vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) to mimic atherosclerosis in vitro. Gene and protein expressions in HUVECs were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot, respectively. Cell proliferation was tested by CCK-8 and Ki67 staining. Cell apoptosis and cycle were measured by flow cytometry. Additionally, the correlation between HOXA-AS3 and miR-455-5p was confirmed by dual luciferase report assay and RNA pull-down. Finally, in vivo model of atherosclerosis was established to confirm the function of HOXA-AS3 during the development of atherosclerosis in vivo.
LncRNA HOXA-AS3 was upregulated in oxLDL-treated HUVECs. In addition, oxLDL-induced growth inhibition of HUVECs was significantly reversed by knockdown of HOXA-AS3. Consistently, oxLDL notably induced G1 arrest in HUVECs, while this phenomenon was greatly reversed by HOXA-AS3 siRNA. Furthermore, downregulation of HOXA-AS3 notably inhibited the progression of atherosclerosis through mediation of miR-455-5p/p27 Kip1 axis. Besides, silencing of HOXA-AS3 notably relieved the symptom of atherosclerosis in vivo.