+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Knockdown of lncRNA HOXA-AS3 Suppresses the Progression of Atherosclerosis via Sponging miR-455-5p

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.



          Atherosclerosis can lead to multiple cardiovascular diseases, especially myocardial infarction. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in multiple diseases, including atherosclerosis. LncRNA HOXA-AS3 was found to be notably upregulated in atherosclerosis. However, the biological function of HOXA-AS3 during the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis remains unclear.

          Materials and Methods

          Human vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) to mimic atherosclerosis in vitro. Gene and protein expressions in HUVECs were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot, respectively. Cell proliferation was tested by CCK-8 and Ki67 staining. Cell apoptosis and cycle were measured by flow cytometry. Additionally, the correlation between HOXA-AS3 and miR-455-5p was confirmed by dual luciferase report assay and RNA pull-down. Finally, in vivo model of atherosclerosis was established to confirm the function of HOXA-AS3 during the development of atherosclerosis in vivo.


          LncRNA HOXA-AS3 was upregulated in oxLDL-treated HUVECs. In addition, oxLDL-induced growth inhibition of HUVECs was significantly reversed by knockdown of HOXA-AS3. Consistently, oxLDL notably induced G1 arrest in HUVECs, while this phenomenon was greatly reversed by HOXA-AS3 siRNA. Furthermore, downregulation of HOXA-AS3 notably inhibited the progression of atherosclerosis through mediation of miR-455-5p/p27 Kip1 axis. Besides, silencing of HOXA-AS3 notably relieved the symptom of atherosclerosis in vivo.


          Downregulation of HOXA-AS3 significantly suppressed the progression of atherosclerosis via regulating miR-455-5p/p27 Kip1 axis. Thus, HOXA-AS3 might serve as a potential target for the treatment of atherosclerosis.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 31

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          lncRNA-MIAT regulates microvascular dysfunction by functioning as a competing endogenous RNA.

          Pathological angiogenesis is a critical component of diseases, such as ocular disorders, cancers, and atherosclerosis. It is usually caused by the abnormal activity of biological processes, such as cell proliferation, cell motility, immune, or inflammation response. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as critical regulators of these biological processes. However, the role of lncRNA in diabetes mellitus-induced microvascular dysfunction is largely unknown.
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: found
            Is Open Access

            Exosomal lncRNA GAS5 regulates the apoptosis of macrophages and vascular endothelial cells in atherosclerosis

            Atherosclerosis is universally recognized as a chronic lipid-induced inflammation of the vessel wall. Oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) drives the onset of atherogenesis involving macrophages and endothelial cells (ECs). Our earlier work showed that expression of long noncoding RNA-growth arrest-specific 5 (lncRNA GAS5) was significantly increased in the plaque of atherosclerosis collected from patients and animal models. In this study, we found that knockdown of lncRNA GAS5 reduced the apoptosis of THP-1 cells treated with oxLDL. On the contrary, overexpression of lncRNA GAS5 significantly elevated the apoptosis of THP-1 cells after oxLDL stimulation. The expressions of apoptotic factors including Caspases were changed with lncRNA GAS5 levels. Moreover, lncRNA GAS5 was found in THP-1 derived-exosomes after oxLDL stimulation. Exosomes derived from lncRNA GAS5-overexpressing THP-1 cells enhanced the apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells after taking up these exosomes. However, exosomes shed by lncRNA GAS5 knocked-down THP-1 cells inhibited the apoptosis of endothelial cells. These findings reveal the function of lncRNA GAS5 in atherogenesis which regulates the apoptosis of macrophages and endothelial cells via exosomes and suggest that suppressing the lncRNA GAS5 might be an effective way for the therapy of atherosclerosis.
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: found
              Is Open Access

              Long non-coding RNA HoxA-AS3 interacts with EZH2 to regulate lineage commitment of mesenchymal stem cells

              Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in gene regulation and are involving in diverse cellular processes. However, their roles in reprogramming of gene expression profiles during lineage commitment and maturation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) remain poorly understood. In the current study, we characterize the expression of a lncRNA, HoxA-AS3, during the differentiation of MSCs. We showed that HoxA-AS3 is increased upon adipogenic induction of MSCs, while HoxA-AS3 remains unaltered during osteogenic induction. Silencing of HoxA-AS3 in MSCs resulted in decreased adipogenesis and expression of adipogenic markers, PPARG, CEBPA, FABP4 and ADIPOQ. Conversely, knockdown of HoxA-AS3 expression in MSCs exhibited an enhanced osteogenesis and osteogenic markers expression, including RUNX2, SP7, COL1A1, IBSP, BGLAP and SPP1. Mechanistically, HoxA-AS3 interacts with Enhancer Of Zeste 2 (EZH2) and is required for H3 lysine-27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) of key osteogenic transcription factor Runx2. Our data reveal that HoxA-AS3 acts as an epigenetic switch that determines the lineage specification of MSC.

                Author and article information

                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                09 September 2020
                : 14
                : 3651-3662
                [1 ]Department of Vascular Surgery, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University , Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050000, People’s Republic of China
                [2 ]Department of Anesthesiology, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University , Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050000, People’s Republic of China
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Feng Zhang Email zhangfeng_12@126.com
                © 2020 Chi et al.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                Figures: 7, References: 36, Pages: 12
                Original Research

                Pharmacology & Pharmaceutical medicine

                p27 kip1, atherosclerosis, mir-455-5p, lncrna hoxa-as3


                Comment on this article