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      Glucose Sensing for Diabetes Monitoring: Recent Developments

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          Abstract

          This review highlights recent advances towards non-invasive and continuous glucose monitoring devices, with a particular focus placed on monitoring glucose concentrations in alternative physiological fluids to blood.

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          Electrode systems for continuous monitoring in cardiovascular surgery.

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            Electrochemical glucose sensors and their applications in diabetes management.

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              Glucose Biosensors: An Overview of Use in Clinical Practice

              Blood glucose monitoring has been established as a valuable tool in the management of diabetes. Since maintaining normal blood glucose levels is recommended, a series of suitable glucose biosensors have been developed. During the last 50 years, glucose biosensor technology including point-of-care devices, continuous glucose monitoring systems and noninvasive glucose monitoring systems has been significantly improved. However, there continues to be several challenges related to the achievement of accurate and reliable glucose monitoring. Further technical improvements in glucose biosensors, standardization of the analytical goals for their performance, and continuously assessing and training lay users are required. This article reviews the brief history, basic principles, analytical performance, and the present status of glucose biosensors in the clinical practice.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Sensors (Basel)
                Sensors (Basel)
                sensors
                Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)
                MDPI
                1424-8220
                12 August 2017
                August 2017
                : 17
                : 8
                : 1866
                Affiliations
                Insight Centre for Data Analytics, National Centre for Sensor Research, School of Chemical Sciences, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland; danielle.bruen2@ 123456mail.dcu.ie (D.B.); colm.delaney@ 123456dcu.ie (C.D.); dermot.diamond@ 123456dcu.ie (D.D.)
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: larisa.florea@ 123456dcu.ie ; Tel.: +353-1-700-6009
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2944-4839
                Article
                sensors-17-01866
                10.3390/s17081866
                5579887
                28805693
                b08d92eb-ae7b-4976-8332-c033956a9103
                © 2017 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                History
                : 13 July 2017
                : 04 August 2017
                Categories
                Review

                Biomedical engineering
                diabetes,glucose,sensing,non-invasive,ocular fluid,sweat
                Biomedical engineering
                diabetes, glucose, sensing, non-invasive, ocular fluid, sweat

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