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Trace elements in different species of cetacean from Rio de Janeiro coast

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      Abstract

      The present work tested whether ecological and biological parameters have an influence on the accumulation of trace elements (As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Se and Ag) by the liver of three cetaceans species: two species of coastal habit (Pontoporia blainvillei and Sotalia guianensis) and one of oceanic habit (Stenella frontalis), that were incidentally caught in fishing nets along the north of Rio de Janeiro coast. Inter-species difference was observed on the accumulation of Cd and Pb (5.12 ± 0.74 µg g-1 and 21.25 ± 1.35 µg g-1, respectively). However, the three cetacean species, S. guianensis, P. blainvillei and S. frontalis presented similar hepatic concentrations of As, Cu and Ag. No gender differences were found on the bioaccumulation of trace elements. Hepatic trace element accumulation was influenced by body length, according to the cetacean species. S. guianensis, which co-habits the same coastal marine environment that P. blainvillei species, presented a significant difference between hepatic selenium concentration (20.70 ± 32.22 µg g-1 and 3.24 ± 2.02 µg g-1, respectively). Based on these results, it is possible to conclude that, not only the different environmental conditions, but also total length and mainly the feeding habit influenced the accumulation of trace elements by the liver of these cetacean species.

      Translated abstract

      Neste estudo avaliou-se a influência de alguns parâmetros ecológicos e biológicos sobre a acumulação dos elementos-traço (As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Se e Ag) no fígado de três espécies de cetáceos, sendo duas de hábito costeiro (Pontoporia blainvillei e Sotalia guianensis) e uma de hábito oceânico (Stenella frontalis), que foram acidentalmente capturados na costa norte do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Diferenças inter-espécies foram observadas no padrão de acumulação dos elementos-traço, Cd e Pb (5,12 ± 0,74 µg g-1 e 21,25 ± 1,35 µg g-1, respectivamente). Entretanto, as três espécies de cetáceo, S. guianensis, P. blainvillei e S. frontalis apresentaram concentrações hepáticas de As, Cu e Ag similares. O sexo dos indivíduos não influiu na bioacumulação dos elementos. O comprimento total influenciou na acumulação dos elementos-traço no fígado de acordo com a espécie de cetáceo. S. guianensis, que co-habita o mesmo ambiente que a espécie P. blainvillei, apresentou uma diferença significativa na concentração hepática de selênio (20,70 ± 32,22 µg g-1 e 3,24 ± 2,02 µg g-1, respectivamente). A partir dessas observações pode-se concluir que condições ambientais e parâmetros biológicos, tais como comprimento total e principalmente a preferência alimentar, influenciaram significativamente a acumulação de elementos traço no fígado dessas espécies de cetáceos.

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      Most cited references 51

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
            [2 ] Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
            [3 ] Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            jbchs
            Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
            J. Braz. Chem. Soc.
            Sociedade Brasileira de Química (São Paulo )
            1678-4790
            2009
            : 20
            : 2
            : 243-251
            S0103-50532009000200008 10.1590/S0103-50532009000200008

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            CHEMISTRY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

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