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      Venous pressure in the saphenous vein near the ankle during changes in posture and exercise at different ambient temperatures.

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          The venous pressure in the saphenous vein at the ankle was measured in ten healthy subjects (5 men, 5 women) aged 19-33 years during supine posture, orthostasis and cycle ergometer exercise (50 W, 50 rpm). Measurements were made at 20, 28 and 36 degrees C at 50% relative humidity. A custom-built setup consisting of two pressure transducers and a differential amplifier was used to compensate for the hydrostatic effects, temperature influences and movement artefacts that disturbed the pressure measurements. Pressure was lowest in the supine position and varied only slightly with the ambient temperature. The mean pressures were 7 (SEM 1) mmHg [0.9 (SEM 0.13) kPa], 7 (SEM 1) mmHg [0.9 (SEM 0.13) kPa], 4 (SEM 1) mmHg [0.5 (SEM 0.13) kPa] at 20, 28 and 36 degrees C. The venous pressure increased when the subjects were passively tilted from a supine to an upright posture. The rate of the increase was smaller at 20 degrees C than at 28 degrees and 36 degrees C. The final level the pressure reached during motionless standing differed slightly. The mean pressures were 76 (SEM 2) mmHg [10.1 (SEM 0.27) kPa], 79 (SEM 7) mmHg [10.5 (SEM 0.93) kPa] and 75 (SEM 3) mmHg [10.0 (SEM 0.40)] at the three temperatures. When starting exercising, venous pressure decreased within the 1st min to a level which remained virtually constant until the end of exercise. However, this level was found to be temperature dependent. It was lowest at 20 degrees C (26 (SEM 3) mmHg [3.5 (SEM 0.40) kPa]) and increased with temperature.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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          Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol
          European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology
          : 66
          : 5
          [1 ] Institut für Pathophysiologie und medizinische Klimatologie, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Germany.


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