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      Vasodilatation Augments the Blood-Brain Barrier Lesions Induced by an Acute Rise in Intracarotid Pressure

      research-article
      Journal of Vascular Research
      S. Karger AG
      Blood-brain barrier, Barrier opening, Hypertension, Vasodilatation

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          Abstract

          The vessel wall tension is the product of pressure and internal radius divided by the vessel wall thickness. Hence, dilated vessels will be exposed to higher tension at a given intraluminal pressure. Provided the rise in cerebrovascular intraluminal pressure is sufficiently prominent, transient opening of the morphologic blood-brain barrier will occur. In the present study pressure increase, not sufficient in itself to cause barrier opening, was induced. However, at concomitant dilatation of the vessels – as induced by CO<sub>2</sub> or papaverine – under otherwise identical pressure conditions a barrier opening was obtained. Hence, vasodilatation of cerebral vessels will increase their vulnerability to hypertension.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1981
          1981
          19 September 2008
          : 18
          : 1-2
          : 9-15
          Affiliations
          Departments of Histology and Neurology, University of Lund, Lund
          Article
          158333 Blood Vessels 1981;18:9–15
          10.1159/000158333
          b15155f7-b90d-4d10-bf56-a2ba1c91a6e6
          © 1981 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          History
          : 14 December 1979
          : 14 March 1980
          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Research Paper

          General medicine,Neurology,Cardiovascular Medicine,Internal medicine,Nephrology
          Blood-brain barrier,Barrier opening,Hypertension,Vasodilatation

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