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      Health-related behaviors in children of ethnic minorities and Han nationality in China

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          Abstract

          Objective: The purpose of this study was to understand the health-related behaviors in children of ethnic minorities and Han nationality so as to provide a basis for formulating a health promotion plan, reasonably allocating health resources, and improving health conditions of the entire population of children.

          Methods: The selection and processing of study subjects, as well as health-related behaviors, were based on the 2009 Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) data. A total of 867 children were involved in this study, including 762 Han children and 105 minority children. Comparative analysis was conducted on the reported ratio of health-related behaviors, including society and family variation, as well as dietary habit variation, and health condition scores.

          Results: A comparison on health-related behaviors between ethnic minority and Han children indicated the following: with respect to society and family variation, statistical significance ( P<0.05) existed between the two groups in health-related behaviors influenced by parents who did or did not stay at home, level of education, and medical insurance status; and with respect to dietary habit variation, statistical significance ( P<0.05) existed in the differences of dietary habits between the two groups. Moreover, differences in the weight-for-age Z score (WAZ), weight-for-height Z score (WHZ), and body mass index-for-age Z score (BAZ) between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05).

          Conclusion: Health-related behavioral norms and health conditions of ethnic minority children should be further improved. Increased health awareness of families with children and health care system development should be stressed to elevate the health level of the entire population of children in China.

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          Most cited references 9

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          Study on physical condition difference for urban and rural children in our country

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            Study of unequal and influencing factors on rural children’s health in China. Empirical Research Based on CHNS Data

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                FMCH
                Family Medicine and Community Health
                FMCH
                Family Medicine and Community Health & American Chinese Medical Education Association (USA )
                xxx-xxx
                2305-6983
                December 2013
                December 2014
                : 1
                : 4
                : 18-22
                Affiliations
                1School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China
                Author notes
                CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Yu Sun, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China, E-mail: fayewongyu129@ 123456126.com
                Article
                fmch20140112
                10.15212/FMCH.2014.0112
                Copyright © 2013 Family Medicine and Community Health

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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                Self URI (journal page): http://fmch-journal.org/
                Categories
                Original Research

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