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      Perceived history of anaphylaxis and parental overprotection, autonomy, anxiety, and depression in food allergic young adults.

      Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
      Adolescent, Adult, Anaphylaxis, epidemiology, psychology, Anxiety Disorders, diagnosis, Attitude to Health, Comorbidity, Depressive Disorder, Female, Food Hypersensitivity, Humans, Male, Mental Disorders, Parent-Child Relations, Parenting, Parents, Perception, Personal Autonomy, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, statistics & numerical data, Psychometrics, Self Concept, Self Disclosure, Severity of Illness Index, Social Behavior, Young Adult

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          Abstract

          This study examined autonomy, anxiety, depression, and perceptions of parental behavior in 86 food allergic young adults and 344 healthy young adults between the ages of 18 and 22. Participants completed an online survey measuring self-reported autonomy, anxiety, depression, and perceptions of parental behavior. Results indicated that, as a group, food allergic young adults did not differ from healthy peers. However, food allergic young adults who reported having experienced an anaphylactic reaction described their disease as more severe, reported more worry about their disease, and rated their parents as more overprotective than food allergic young adults who reported never having experienced anaphylaxis. The experience of anaphylaxis may be a reliable indicator of food allergic individuals who are at risk for psychological distress.

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