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      Plasma Levels of Insulin-Like Binding Protein-2 in Prepubertal Short Children and Its Diagnostic Value in the Evaluation of Growth Hormone Deficiency

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          Abstract

          Aim: This study was designed to investigate whether determination of plasma insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2) levels could be of benefit in the evaluation of childhood growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD). Method: A retrospective analysis was performed on 91 prepubertal children referred for investigation of short stature. Maximal GH levels in plasma after provocative stimuli were between 1.0 and 93.0 mU/l, 6 subjects exhibiting peak values of <5 mU/l. Initially a GH peak of 20 mU/l was used as a cutoff limit to define GHD and idiopathic short stature (ISS) patients. The results of GH provocative tests were compared to age- and gender-based standard deviation scores (SDS) of plasma IGFBP-2, IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and the molar ratios of the latter two to IGFBP-2. The respective normative range values for these parameters were determined in plasma samples from 353 healthy children (i.e. 171 girls, 182 boys). Results: Circulating IGFBP-2 levels did not correlate with height SDS, height velocity SDS or the peak GH levels after provocative stimuli. A weak negative relationship was found between IGFBP-2 and IGF-I. Plasma levels of IGFBP-2 in GHD patients were higher than those of ISS children, who had normal levels. Although at the optimal cutoff point of –0.71 SDS 91.5% of the GHD patients were identified correctly, a substantial proportion (71.9%) of the ISS subjects also had IGFBP-2 levels above this limit. The use of various combinations of IGFBP-2, IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and the derived ratios only slightly improved the diagnostic efficiency as compared to the results of the individual tests. Neither IGFBP-2 nor the IGFBP-3/IGFBP-2 and IGF-I/IGFBP-2 ratios were found to be related to the short- (1 year) or long-term (3 years) growth response to GH therapy. Conclusion: It is concluded that none of the tests investigated, either alone or in various combinations, are reliable in either predicting the peak GH level after provocative stimuli in prepubertal short children or in predicting their growth response to GH.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Binding Proteins in Serum and Other Biological Fluids: Regulation and Functions

           S. Rajaram (1997)
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            Diagnostic controversy: the diagnosis of childhood growth hormone deficiency revisited

             R Rosenfeld (1995)
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              Plasma Levels of Insulin-Like Growth Factor (IGF)-I, IGF-II and IGF-Binding Protein-3 in the Evaluation of Childhood Growth Hormone Deficiency

              Background: Traditionally, measurement of plasma IGF-I and more recently of IGFBP-3 are used to distinguish GHD from idiopathic short stature in slowly growing children, using a single blood sample. In earlier studies it was claimed that IGFBP-3 was superior to IGF-I, but more recently doubts around this claim have arisen. The role of serum IGF-II has never been studied extensively. On theoretical grounds, it can also be hypothesized that molar ratios of these peptides might be of additional value. Design: Retrospective, multicentre, cohort study. Patients: 96 children evaluated for short stature. Methods: Serum IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3 and various molar ratios were, after correction for age and sex using SD scores, compared to the maximum serum GH peak after two standard provocation tests using four different methods (t-test, χ 2 , likelihood ratios and ROC curves). In addition, the correlations between these parameters and the short-term (1 year) and long-term (3 years) response to GH therapy were calculated. Results: IGF-I performed better than IGFBP-3, but the best results were achieved by the molar ratio IGF-I:IGF-II. However, IGFBP-3 correlated better with the short-term response to GH therapy than IGF-I or the ratios, and none of the parameters investigated was found to be related to the response of long-term GH therapy.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2001
                2001
                03 September 2001
                : 55
                : 3
                : 147-154
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Pediatrics, Laboratory of Endocrinology, Wilhelmina Children’s Hospital/University Medical Center, Utrecht, and bDepartment of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
                Article
                49987 Horm Res 2001;55:147–154
                10.1159/000049987
                11549877
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 21, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Original Paper

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