Objective To analyze the influence of sexuality education on primary school students’ attitude towards homosexuality, and provide practical teaching evidence of intervening campus bullying based on sexual orientation.
Methods A primary school offering school-based sexuality education curriculums in Beijing was selected as an experimental school, another school with similar location, nature and scale, quality of teachers and teaching environment was selected as a control school. The graduates in experimental school received 6 years of sexuality education in grade 1 to grade 6 of primary school. A survey was conducted in Jun. 2018 among all the graduates in grade 6 of the two schools through an attitude scale on homosexuality adopting cluster sampling.
Results The scores of attitude towards homosexuality in experimental school and control school were (42. 85±15. 46) and (60. 17± 12. 54) respectively, with significantly statistical difference ( t = –9.47, P<0.01). There were interaction effects on attitudes of primary school students towards homosexuality between gender and experience of sexuality education ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in attitude towards homosexuality between male and female students in control school (t = 0.58, P>0.05), but in experimental school, the attitude scores of male and female students respectively were (47.64±14.31) and (38.13±15.19), with significantly statistical difference ( t = 3.47, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in attitude towards different sexual orientation between experimental school students and control school students (t = 0.10, 1.53, P>0.05).
Conclusion Sexuality education curriculum can help improve attitude towards homosexuality of primary school students, which has better intervention effects on female students than male students, attitudinal difference in gay and lesbian has not formed in primary school students.
【摘要】 目的 分析全面性教育对小学生对同性恋态度的影响, 为干预基于性倾向的校园欺凌提供教学实践证据。 方法 在北京市选择 1 所开设性教育校本课程的小学为实验学校, 另一所在学区条件、学校规模与性质、师资与教学环境 等方面基本同质, 且没有开设性教育课程的学校为对照学校。采用整群抽样方法, 于 2018 年 6 月使用同性恋态度量表对 2 所学校的六年级全体毕业生进行关于同性恋态度的调査。 结果 实验学校和对照学校学生对同性恋态度的总分分别是 (42.85±15.46) 和 (60.17±12.54) 分, 差异有统计学意义 ( t = –9.47, P<0.01)。性别与性教育经历对小学生对同性恋态度的 影响存在交互效应 ( P<0.05), 对照学校的男生和女生对同性恋的态度差异无统计学意义 (t = 0.58, P>0.05), 实验学校的男 生和女生对同性恋的态度分别是(47.64±14.31) 和 (38.13±15.19) 分, 差异有统计学意义 (t = 3.47, P<0.01)。 实验学校和对 照学校学生对男同性恋和女同性恋者的态度差异均无统计学意义 (t值分别为 0.10, 1.53, P值均>0.05)。 结论 性教育课 程有助于改善小学生对同性恋的态度, 对小学女生的干预效果明显好于男生, 小学生还未对男女同性恋产生明显的态度 差异。