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      Acoso homo-lesbofóbico y educación preuniversitaria en Cuba: estudio de caso Translated title: Assédio homo-lesbofóbico e educação pré-universitária em Cuba. Estudo de caso Translated title: Homo-lesbo-phobic bullying and high school education in Cuba. A case study

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          Abstract

          Resumen (analítico) El objetivo de esta investigación fue realizar un estudio de caso situacional sobre el acoso homo-lesbofóbico en la educación preuniversitaria en Cuba, a partir del testimonio de tres personas que estudiaron en diferentes Institutos Preuniversitarios Vocacionales de Ciencias Exactas (IPVCE), tomadas como muestra de máxima variación. Se llevó a cabo una serie de entrevistas semiestructuradas que arrojaron como resultado que estos espacios de educación interna resultan propicios para el ejercicio del acoso basado en la presunción de una orientación sexual diferente. El personal docente no parece preparado para enfrentar estos episodios. Las secuelas en los participantes, víctimas o no, son graves. Quede este estudio exploratorio como primer paso para futuras profundizaciones.

          Translated abstract

          Resumo (analítico) O objetivo desta pesquisa foi realizar um estudo de caso situacional sobre o bullying homo-lesbofóbico no ensino pré-universitário em Cuba a partir do depoimento de três pessoas que estudaram em diferentes IPVC, tomadas como amostra de máxima variação. Foi realizada uma série de entrevistas que mostraram que esses espaços internos de educação são propícios ao exercício do assédio com base na presunção de uma orientação sexual diferente. O corpo docente não parece preparado para enfrentar esses episódios. As consequências nos participantes, vítimas ou não, são graves. Deixa-se este estudo exploratório como um primeiro passo para um futuro aprofundamento.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract (analytical) This research involved a situational case study on homo-lesbo-phobic bullying in pre-university education in Cuba based on the testimony of three people who studied in different educational institutions who were taken as a sample of maximum variation. A series of interviews was conducted that highlighted how these internal education spaces are conducive to harassment based on the presumption of a different sexual orientation. Teachers are not prepared to manage these episodes. The consequences for participants, both victims and others, are serious. This exploratory study is a first step towards further in-depth research on this problem.

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          Bullying in schools: the state of knowledge and effective interventions.

          During the school years, bullying is one of the most common expressions of violence in the peer context. Research on bullying started more than forty years ago, when the phenomenon was defined as 'aggressive, intentional acts carried out by a group or an individual repeatedly and over time against a victim who cannot easily defend him- or herself'. Three criteria are relevant in order to define aggressive behaviour as bullying: (1) repetition, (2) intentionality and (3) an imbalance of power. Given these characteristics, bullying is often defined as systematic abuse of power by peers. It is recognised globally as a complex and serious problem. In the present paper, we discuss the prevalence, age and gender differences, and various types of bullying, as well as why it happens and how long it lasts, starting from the large surveys carried out in western countries and to a lower extent in low- and middle-income countries. The prevalence rates vary widely across studies; therefore, specific attention will be devoted to the definition, time reference period and frequency criterion. We will also focus on risk factors as well as short- and long-term outcomes of bullying and victimisation. Finally, a section will be dedicated to review what is known about effective prevention of bullying.
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            Stigma, prejudice and discrimination in global public health

            This article reviews the development of international research on the relationship between discrimination and health. It provides an overview of theoretical and empirical work on stigma and prejudice and their impact on discrimination and health. It argues that the literature on these issues has drawn primarily from social psychology and has focused on the impact of attitudes associated with stigma and prejudice on discriminatory practices and consequently health outcomes. It also identifies a growing trend in recent research towards a reconceptualization of stigma, prejudice and discrimination from the perspective of social inequality and structural violence, highlighting relations of power and exclusion that reinforce vulnerability within a complex social and political process. It concludes by briefly examining the ways in which this reconceptualization of discriminatory practices has generated a growing interest in the linkages between health and human rights and renewed interest in health and social justice; two major trends in the field of global public health.
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              Bullying and mental health and suicidal behaviour among 14- to 15-year-olds in a representative sample of Australian children

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rlcs
                Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud
                Rev.latinoam.cienc.soc.niñez juv
                Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Niñez y Juventud Cinde - Universidad de Manizales (Manizales, Caldas, Colombia )
                1692-715X
                2027-7679
                December 2019
                : 17
                : 2
                : 297-317
                Affiliations
                [1] orgnameUniversidad Iberoamericana Mexico
                Article
                S1692-715X2019000200297
                10.11600/1692715x.17213
                b227be82-7daa-49cf-8fb9-6c93a1eaf62d

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 08 March 2019
                : 17 January 2019
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 37, Pages: 21
                Product

                SciELO Colombia

                Categories
                Estudios e Investigaciones

                homofobia,Acoso escolar,enseñanza secundaria de segundo nivel. Tesauro de Ciencias Sociales de la Unesco.,Bullying,homophobia,pre-university education.,Assédio,educação pré-universitária.

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