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      Study on Concretions Developed around Urinary Catheters and Mechanisms of Renal Calculi Development

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          Abstract

          Aims: To study the structure and composition of encrustation and concretions developed on urinary catheters to better understand their formation mechanism to be able to prevent them. Methods: The surface of catheters was studied by direct and scanning electron microscopy observation. In vitro formation of encrustations was performed in synthetic urine. Results: The surface of catheters was covered by a continuous layer of organic matter, on which a thin scale consisting of crystals of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM), uric acid anhydrous or calcium phosphate developed. Encrustations observed on catheters generally exhibited the same composition as the previously developed renal calculi. In catheters collected from patients without previous episodes of renal calculi or with previous episodes of infected renal calculi in which infection was afterwards eradicated, on the first organic layer, in that case plate-like COM crystals forming a columnar layer were observed. In vitro experiments demonstrated that COM columnar structures were only formed when normocalciuric urine containing organic matter was used, and the presence of crystallization inhibitors, as phytate, notably delayed their formation. Conclusion: Calcium oxalate was the main crystalline phase developed on catheters inserted in patients, specially in the absence of urinary infection or urinary pH values <5.5 and high urinary uric acid levels. Thus, prophylaxis of encrustations may consist of preventive measures usually applied in cases of recurrent idiopathic calcium oxalate urolithiasis.

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          Most cited references 1

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          Calcium oxalate renal stones.

           E Prien (1975)
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            2001
            2001
            25 July 2001
            : 88
            : 4
            : 320-328
            Affiliations
            aLaboratory of Renal Lithiasis Research, Faculty of Sciences, University Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Spain; bUniversity of J.E. Purkyne, Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic, and cDepartment of Physical Chemistry, University of Leoben, Austria
            Article
            46015 Nephron 2001;88:320–328
            10.1159/000046015
            11474226
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 12, Tables: 1, References: 30, Pages: 9
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46015
            Categories
            Original Paper

            Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

            Phytate, Crystallization inhibitors, Encrustation, Catheter

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