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      Sound waves and vortices in a polarized relativistic fluid

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          Abstract

          We extend the effective theory approach to the ideal fluid limit where the polarization of the fluid is non-zero. After describing and motivating the equations of motion, we expand them around the hydrostatic limit, obtaining the sound wave and vortex degrees of freedom. We discuss how the presence of polarization affects the stability and causality of the ideal fluid limit.

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          Most cited references 18

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          Hydrodynamics with Triangle Anomalies

           ,   (2013)
          We consider the hydrodynamic regime of theories with quantum anomalies for global currents. We show that a hitherto discarded term in the conserve current is not only allowed by symmetries, but is in fact required by triangle anomalies and the second law of thermodynamics. This term leads to a number of new effects, one of which is chiral separation in a rotating fluid at nonzero chemical potential. The new kinetic coefficients can be expressed, in a unique fashion, through the anomalies coefficients and the equation of state. We briefly discuss the relevance of this new hydrodynamic term for physical situations, including heavy ion collisions.
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            Chiral Kinetic Theory

            We derive the non-equilibrium kinetic equation describing the motion of chiral massless particles in the regime where it can be considered classically. We show that the Berry monopole which appears at the origin of the momentum space due to level crossing is responsible for the chiral magnetic and vortical effects.
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              Relativistic viscous hydrodynamics, conformal invariance, and holography

              We consider second-order viscous hydrodynamics in conformal field theories at finite temperature. We show that conformal invariance imposes powerful constraints on the form of the second-order corrections. By matching to the AdS/CFT calculations of correlators, and to recent results for Bjorken flow obtained by Heller and Janik, we find three (out of five) second-order transport coefficients in the strongly coupled N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. We also discuss how these new coefficents can arise within the kinetic theory of weakly coupled conformal plasmas. We point out that the Mueller-Israel-Stewart theory, often used in numerical simulations, does not contain all allowed second-order terms and, frequently, terms required by conformal invariance.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                2017-03-08
                Article
                1703.03079

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                Companion short paper to arXiv:1701.08263
                hep-th hep-ph nucl-th physics.flu-dyn

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