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      Impaired Vasodilator Function of Nitric Oxide Associated with Developing Neo-lntima in Conscious Rabbits

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          Abstract

          The aim of this study was to use periarterial manipulation to produce an atheroma-like neo-intima in rabbits and study resting blood flow and vascular responsiveness in vivo. One common carotid artery was enclosed in a silastic collar to induce a neo-intima similar to that of human early atherosclerosis, and carotid blood flow was measured periodically over 8 days in 8 conscious rabbits. The vasodilator responses to intravenous infusions of the endothelium-dependent vasodilator, acetylcholine, and glyceryl trinitrate were measured in each artery at 2 and 7 days after surgical placement of the collar, and again following infusion of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N-nitro- L-arginine (NOLA, 15 mg/kg). Histological examination of the arterial segments at completion of the study revealed significant intimal thickening of the regions of artery enclosed in the collar. Resting blood flow was lower in the collared vascular bed as compared with the control, from as early as 2 days after surgery. Acetylcholine- and glyceryl trinitrate-induced decreases in carotid resistance, however, were no different between the arteries after 2 days. At 7 days after surgery, the vasodilator response to acetylcholine was significantly impaired in the collared vascular bed when compared with the control, while the glyceryl trinitrate-induced vasodilatation was similar in the two beds. Following NOLA infusion, mean arterial pressure was significantly increased and blood flow through both arteries was reduced. After NOLA, acetylcholine-induced vasodilatation in the collared vascular bed was no longer different from the vasodilatation in the control bed. Therefore, a developing neo-intima reduces the blood flow through the collared carotid artery before any morphological changes are detected. These results suggest that the nitric oxide-mediated dilator function of resistance vessels distal to the developing lesion is compromised, in this study in the absence of hyperlipidaemia.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1994
          1994
          23 September 2008
          : 31
          : 4
          : 187-194
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Physiology and bDepartment of Pharmacology, University of Melbourne, Australia
          Article
          159043 J Vasc Res 1994;31:187–194
          10.1159/000159043
          8025180
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Research Paper

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