The anatomic difficulties that we have to deal with in open surgery for rectal cancer have not been overcome with the laparoscopic approach. In the search for a solution, a change of concept arose: approaching the rectum from below. The main objectives of this study were to show the potential advantages of the hybrid transabdominal-transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME). This approach may improve quality of the mesorectal specimens. Second, proctectomy can be technically easier and more safely performed "down to up," which would result in shorter surgical times, lower conversion rates, and less morbidity.