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Hemispheric asymmetry of event-related potentials in a patient with callosal disconnection syndrome: a comparison of auditory, visual and somatosensory modalities.

Electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology

Syndrome, Acoustic Stimulation, Adult, Aged, Brain Diseases, physiopathology, Brain Mapping, Corpus Callosum, Electric Stimulation, Evoked Potentials, physiology, Female, Functional Laterality, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Photic Stimulation, Reaction Time

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      Abstract

      To investigate whether callosal lesions affect the distribution of event-related potentials (ERP) between the two hemispheres and whether hemispheric ERP distribution differs among sensory modalities, a patient with interhemispheric disconnection syndrome and 47 controls were subjected to an oddball paradigm. High (target) and low tone bursts for auditory, red (target) and green lights for visual and electrical stimuli delivered to the index (target) or fifth finger for somatosensory ERPs were presented to the unilateral ear, visual field and hand, respectively. The subjects were instructed to press a button with the hand on the stimulated side. The results showed that the hemispheric asymmetry of the patient's auditory ERPs was not significantly different from that of the controls, regardless of which ear was stimulated. In contrast, the visual and somatosensory ERPs showed a delay of the P3 latency and an attenuation of the N1-P2 and N2-P3 amplitude over the hemisphere ipsilateral to the stimulus, regardless of the stimulated side. These findings suggest that the source of P3 generation is relatively lateralized to the hemisphere contralateral to the stimulus, and that the callosal transfer of visual and somatosensory information is involved in the P3 generation in the hemisphere ipsilateral to the stimulus.

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      7607098

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