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      Diversity of beetles (Coleoptera) in natural and planted saxaul forests ( Haloxylon ammodendron ) in the South Gobi Desert, Mongolia

      , 1 , 2 , 3

      ZooKeys

      Pensoft Publishers

      Beetle community, black saxaul, species richness

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          Abstract

          We investigated species composition and diversity parameters of beetle communities in two planted saxaul ( Haloxylon ammodendron , black saxaul) forests in Southern Mongolia. We also studied nearby natural areas for comparison. Beetles were mainly collected by pitfall traps. 1064 individuals of 38 species of 22 genera in 4 beetle families were identified from planted plots. In comparison, a total of 1395 beetles belonging to 40 species of 24 genera in seven families were collected and identified from the natural saxaul plots. The most diverse beetle families were darkling beetles ( Tenebrionidae , 18 species) and snout beetles ( Curculionidae , 15 species) in planted and natural saxaul plots. We recorded several species ( Apatophysis serricornis , Cephogenia chinensis , and Eumylada punctifera punctifera ) which are associated with the saxaul tree. A darkling beetle, Anatolica potanini , was the dominant species in both natural and planted plots of the Nariin Zag forest. There were significant differences in the species richness and abundance between the planted and natural plots of the Ukhaa Zag forest. It is possible that the age of the plantation drove the differences. The higher values of diversity indices and species richness in the planted plots can be explained by the presence of rare species, represented by only one or two individuals. The planted plots and corresponding natural plots within each forest were more similar to each other in species composition and abundance than between forests.

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          Most cited references 30

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          The use of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and spiders (Araneae) as bioindicators of sustainable forest management: A review

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            Terrestrial Invertebrate Community Structure as an Indicator of the Success of a Tropical Rainforest Restoration Project

             Amy Jansen (1997)
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              Dung beetles as indicators for rapid impact assessments: Evaluating best practice forestry in the neotropics

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2020
                03 December 2020
                : 1000
                : 59-70
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Laboratory of Entomology, Institute of Biology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Institute of Biology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences Ulaanbaatar Mongolia
                [2 ] Michael Succow Foundation, Greifswald, Germany Michael Succow Foundation Greifswald Germany
                [3 ] General and Systematic Zoology, Zoological Institute and Museum, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany University of Greifswald Greifswald Germany
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Buyanjargal Batchuluun ( buyanjargalb@ 123456mas.ac.mn )

                Academic editor: L. Penev

                Article
                56856
                10.3897/zookeys.1000.56856
                7728731
                Buyanjargal Batchuluun, Jens Wunderlich, Michael Schmitt

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Research Article
                Coleoptera
                Biodiversity & Conservation
                Cenozoic
                Mongolia

                Animal science & Zoology

                species richness, black saxaul, beetle community

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