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      Qualitative Adaptation: Informing Design for Risk-based Decision Making

      1 , 1 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 3

      Proceedings of the 32nd International BCS Human Computer Interaction Conference (HCI)

      Human Computer Interaction Conference

      4 - 6 July 2018

      Cross-language research, Thematic analysis, Personas, Risk-based decision making, Security

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          Abstract

          Research on decision making during risk and uncertainty facilitates risk-based decision making by understanding techniques decision makers use to arrive at informed decisions. Approaches to the research usually involve a mix of cognitive techniques for information discovery and sense-making; these were methodologically not intended to inform design. We detail our experience in applying qualitative techniques to elicit persona characteristics from risk-based decision making data.

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          Cross-cultural interview studies using interpreters: systematic literature review.

          This paper reviews how the interpreter's role is described in empirically based, qualitative cross-cultural interview studies and how trustworthiness is determined. Increased immigration during the past decades has created a multiethnic society in many countries. This development poses a challenge to healthcare staff, in that they need to understand how people from different cultures experience health and illness. One way to assess immigrants' experiences is through cross-cultural interview studies, involving an interpreter. Thorough knowledge of the interpreter's role is needed in order to increase the trustworthiness of this kind of nursing research. Literature searches were conducted from October to November 2004 using PubMed, CINAHL, Psycinfo, Sociological abstract, Your Journals@ovid, and Eric databases. Qualitative interview studies written in English and performed with an interpreter were included. The Matrix Method was used to review the literature. In almost all of the 13 relevant papers found, the role of the interpreter(s) in the research process was only sparsely described. In addition, all studies except one employed different techniques to established trustworthiness. The most common techniques were prolonged engagement, member check or triangulation, the latter performed either on the data, investigators or methods. Methodological issues with respect to interpreters have received only limited attention in cross-cultural interview studies. Researchers in the field of nursing need to consider (1) the interpreter's role/involvement in the research process; (2) the interpreter's competence and the style of interpreting; (3) the interpreter's impact on the findings. This information is a prerequisite when trying to determine the trustworthiness of a cross-cultural study.
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            The world is not a desktop

             Marc Weiser (1994)
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              Why there aren’t more information security research studies

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Conference
                July 2018
                July 2018
                : 1-4
                Affiliations
                Bournemouth University Poole, UK
                Defence Science and Technology Laboratory Porton Down, UK
                Nara Institute of Science and Technology Nara, Japan
                Article
                10.14236/ewic/HCI2018.216
                © M’manga et al. Published by BCS Learning and Development Ltd.Proceedings of British HCI 2018. Belfast, UK.

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Proceedings of the 32nd International BCS Human Computer Interaction Conference
                HCI
                32
                Belfast, UK
                4 - 6 July 2018
                Electronic Workshops in Computing (eWiC)
                Human Computer Interaction Conference
                Product
                Product Information: 1477-9358BCS Learning & Development
                Self URI (journal page): https://ewic.bcs.org/
                Categories
                Electronic Workshops in Computing

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