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      Targeted Prevention of Coronary Artery Disease: Pharmacological Considerations in Multimodality Treatment

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          Abstract

          Treatment of hypercholesterolemia with HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitors has revolutionized medical intervention towards the prevention of coronary artery disease. There is a wide sprectrum of patients with diverse underlying clinical conditions that may benefit from treatment using these agents. These include patients with multiple risk factors, individuals following major vascular events, and those with special conditions that are associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. The latter include patients with severe, dominantly inherited hypercholesterolemia, patients with major organ dysfunction such as chronic renal failure, and individuals after transplantation. Multimodality intervention includes behavior modification and mechanical as well as pharmacological treatment. It is aimed at several important targets: cholesterol reduction, control of hypertension and diabetes, improvement of myocardial contractility, reduction of infarct size, and control of hemostasis. Most of these patients require multiple drugs, which may interact at the pharmacodynamic (efficacy and safety) as well as pharmacokinetic levels. These potential interactions should be considered while planning and implementing preventive measures for an individual as well as for the community. The beneficial effects and the potential hazardous interactions between HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors and other medications are presented and discussed using two models: heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and major organ transplantation. Although there is a partial overlap in the medications used for the treatment of these two conditions, some of them differ. The interaction between HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors and other cholesterol-lowering agents, mainly fibrates, is discussed in the first model summarizing data from controlled clinical trials. The interaction with cyclosporin A is presented using the second model. A potential benefit of fluvastatin, as compared with other currently available HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, which may be related to its relatively short plasma half-life and low systemic exposure, is discussed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1996
          1996
          19 November 2008
          : 87
          : 6
          : 469-475
          Affiliations
          The Center for Reseach, Prevention and Treatment of Atherosclerosis, Division of Medicine, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
          Article
          177140 Cardiology 1996;87:469–475
          10.1159/000177140
          8904672
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Review

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