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      Trapped in Statelessness: Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh

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          Abstract

          The Rohingya people are one of the most ill-treated and persecuted refugee groups in the world, having lived in a realm of statelessness for over six generations, and who are still doing so. In recent years, more than 500,000 Rohingyas fled from Myanmar (Burma) to neighboring countries. This article addresses the Rohingya refugee crisis in Bangladesh, with special emphasis on the living conditions of this vulnerable population. We reviewed several documents on Rohingya refugees, visited a registered refugee camp (Teknaf), collected case reports, and conducted a series of meetings with stakeholders in the Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh. A total of 33,131 registered Rohingya refugees are living in two registered camps in Cox’s Bazar, and up to 80,000 additional refugees are housed in nearby makeshift camps. Overall, the living conditions of Rohingya refugees inside the overcrowded camps remain dismal. Mental health is poor, proper hygiene conditions are lacking, malnutrition is endemic, and physical/sexual abuse is high. A concerted diplomatic effort involving Bangladesh and Myanmar, and international mediators such as the Organization of Islamic Countries and the United Nations, is urgently required to effectively address this complex situation.

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          Most cited references18

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          Rohingya Refugees to Bangladesh: Historical Exclusions and Contemporary Marginalization

          Akm Ullah (2011)
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            Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2015

            (2016)
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              UN Data

              (2024)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                ijerph
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                MDPI
                1661-7827
                1660-4601
                21 August 2017
                August 2017
                : 14
                : 8
                : 942
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (CCEB), School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle (UON), Newcastle 2308, Australia; milton.hasnat@ 123456newcastle.edu.au (A.H.M.); mdmijanur.rahman@ 123456uon.edu.au (M.R.); charulata.jindal@ 123456newcastle.edu.au (C.J.)
                [2 ]Mercycorps, Pak Palace, Murree Road, Rawal Chowk, Islamabad 45510, Pakistan ; sumaira.87@ 123456gmail.com
                [3 ]Newcastle Law School, Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle (UON); Newcastle 2308, Australia; sushmita.choudhury@ 123456newcastle.edu.au
                [4 ]School of Medicine and Public Health, the University of Newcastle (UON), Newcastle 2308, Australia; shahnaz.akter@ 123456uon.edu.au
                [5 ]WentWest Limited, Western Sydney Primary Health Network (WSPHN), Sydney 2148, Australia; shahana.Ferdousi@ 123456wentwest.com.au
                [6 ]Centre for Health and Development (CHAD), Dhaka 1219, Bangladesh; tafzila.mouly@ 123456yahoo.com.au
                [7 ]School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney 2052, Australia; john.hall@ 123456unsw.edu.au
                [8 ]Center for Health Disparities (CHD), Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University (ECU), Greenville, NC 27834, USA
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: jimmy.efird@ 123456stanfordalumni.org ; Tel.: +1-650-248-8282
                Article
                ijerph-14-00942
                10.3390/ijerph14080942
                5580644
                28825673
                b3e77b5c-24ba-4c77-a6fb-cbdfc06f9962
                © 2017 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                History
                : 08 July 2017
                : 19 August 2017
                Categories
                Review

                Public health
                rohingya refugee,statelessness,bangladesh,myanmar
                Public health
                rohingya refugee, statelessness, bangladesh, myanmar

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