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Phenylethylamine induces an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ in yeast.

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      Abstract

      Beta-phenylethylamine (PEA) induced an increase in cytosolic free calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]c) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells monitored with transgenic aequorin, a Ca2+-dependent photoprotein. The PEA-induced [Ca2+]c increase was dependent on the concentrations of PEA applied, and the Ca2+ mostly originated from an extracellular source. Preceding the Ca2+ influx, H2O2 was generated in the cells by the addition of PEA. Externally added H2O2 also induced a [Ca2+]c increase. These results suggest that PEA induces the [Ca2+]c increase via H2O2 generation. The PEA-induced [Ca2+]c increase occurred in the mid1 mutant with a slightly smaller peak than in the wild-type strain, indicating that Mid1, a stretch-activated nonselective cation channel, may not be mainly involved in the PEA-induced Ca2+ influx. When PEA was applied, the MATa mid1 mutant was rescued from alpha-factor-induced death in a Ca2+-limited medium, suggesting that the PEA-induced [Ca2+]c increase can reinforce calcium signaling in the mating pheromone response pathway.

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      Affiliations
      [1 ] Nagoya University Bioscience Center, Nagoya University, Japan.
      Journal
      Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
      Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry
      0916-8451
      0916-8451
      May 2002
      : 66
      : 5
      12092817

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