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      Advocacy for urban resilience: UNISDR’s Making Cities Resilient Campaign

        1 , 2
      Environment and Urbanization
      SAGE Publications

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          Abstract

          This paper reviews what local governments in more than 50 cities are doing with regard to disaster risk reduction. It draws on the reports of their participation in the global Making Cities Resilient Campaign and its 10 “essential” components, and on interviews with city mayors or managers. These show how resilience to disasters is being conceived and addressed by local governments, especially with regard to changes in their institutional framework and engagement with communities and other stakeholders, also in mobilizing finance, undertaking multi-hazard risk assessments, upgrading informal settlements, adjusting urban planning and implementing building codes. The paper summarizes what city mayors or managers view as key milestones for building resilience, and further discusses their evaluation of the usefulness of the campaign to them. It also discusses how a local government-focused perspective on disaster risk reduction informs our understanding of resilience. This includes how development can contribute much to disaster risk reduction as well as a more tangible and operational understanding of resilience (resistance + coping capacity + recovery + adaptive capacity) that local governments can understand and act on.

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          Most cited references10

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          Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems

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            A place-based model for understanding community resilience to natural disasters

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              Resilience and sustainable development: building adaptive capacity in a world of transformations.

              Emerging recognition of two fundamental errors underpinning past polices for natural resource issues heralds awareness of the need for a worldwide fundamental change in thinking and in practice of environmental management. The first error has been an implicit assumption that ecosystem responses to human use are linear, predictable and controllable. The second has been an assumption that human and natural systems can be treated independently. However, evidence that has been accumulating in diverse regions all over the world suggests that natural and social systems behave in nonlinear ways, exhibit marked thresholds in their dynamics, and that social-ecological systems act as strongly coupled, complex and evolving integrated systems. This article is a summary of a report prepared on behalf of the Environmental Advisory Council to the Swedish Government, as input to the process of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg, South Africa in 26 August 4 September 2002. We use the concept of resilience--the capacity to buffer change, learn and develop--as a framework for understanding how to sustain and enhance adaptive capacity in a complex world of rapid transformations. Two useful tools for resilience-building in social-ecological systems are structured scenarios and active adaptive management. These tools require and facilitate a social context with flexible and open institutions and multi-level governance systems that allow for learning and increase adaptive capacity without foreclosing future development options.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Environment and Urbanization
                Environment and Urbanization
                SAGE Publications
                0956-2478
                1746-0301
                April 2014
                February 24 2014
                April 2014
                : 26
                : 1
                : 29-52
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Bartlett Development Planning Unit, University College London, London, UK;
                [2 ]Department of Geography, King’s College London;
                Article
                10.1177/0956247813518684
                b410bbab-74a2-46a0-afda-b729c819fdaf
                © 2014

                http://journals.sagepub.com/page/policies/text-and-data-mining-license

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