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      The Symptom Profile and Two-Year Course of Subsyndromal Depression in Spousally Bereaved Elders.

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          Abstract

          The authors describe the symptom presentation and clinical course of subsyndromal depression in 20 bereaved elderly persons (mean age = 68.0 years) over a period of 2 years from spousal loss. Clinical ratings on measures of general functioning, depressive symptoms, sleep disturbance, medical burden, social support, and social rhythm stability were contrasted for bereaved subjects with subsyndromal depression, nondepressed bereaved subjects, and control subjects who were neither bereaved nor depressed. Subsyndromally depressed subjects had greater impairment in work and pleasure and more pronounced anxiety. Over follow-up, they showed persistently higher bereavement intensity and were more impaired than nondepressed, bereaved subjects on measures of general functioning, sleep quality, and social support, suggesting that subsyndromally depressed, bereaved persons experience greater functional impairment, worse sleep quality, less perceived interpersonal support, and more intense grieving than non-depressed, bereaved subjects up to 2 years after spousal loss.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Am J Geriatr Psychiatry
          The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry
          Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
          1545-7214
          1064-7481
          July 1 1994
          : 2
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Depression Prevention Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic.
          Article
          S1064-7481(12)61563-2
          10.1097/00019442-199400230-00005
          28530934
          b4592760-dd49-4a66-9f62-0b18f08df9fe
          History

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