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      Preparation of high-efficiency ceramic planar membrane and its application for water desalination

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          Abstract

          Highly efficient Si 3N 4 ceramic planar membrane for water desalination process using membrane distillation was prepared by the dual-layer phase inversion tape casting and sintering method. In comparison with typical phase inversion tape casting method, the green tape was formed using Si 3N 4 slurry on the top and graphite slurry on the bottom. After consuming away the graphite structure, a ceramic membrane consisting of a two-layered structure (skin and finger-like layers) was obtained. The skin layer was relatively tight, and thus could act as a functional layer for separation, while the finger-like layer contained straight open pores with a diameter of 100 μm, acting as a support with low transport resistance. For comparison, typical Si 3N 4 ceramic membrane was fabricated by phase inversion technique without graphite substrate, resulting in a three-layered structure (skin, finger-like, and sponge layers). After membrane modification from hydrophilic to hydrophobic with polymer derived nanoparticle method, the water desalination performance of the membranes was tested using the sweeping gas membrane distillation (SGMD) with different NaCl feed solutions. With the increase of salt content from 4 to 12 wt%, the water flux decreased slightly while rejection rate maintained over 99.99%. Comparing with typical three-layered Si 3N 4 membrane, an excellent water flux enhancement of over 83% was resulted and the rejection rate remained over 99.99%.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Advanced Ceramics
          Journal of Advanced Ceramics
          Tsinghua University Press (Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China )
          2226-4108
          05 June 2018
          : 07
          : 02
          : 117-123 (pp. )
          Affiliations
          aSinopec Northwest Oilfield Branch, Research Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Ürümqi 830001, China
          bCAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
          Author notes
          * Corresponding author. E-mail: wjw@ 123456ustc.edu.cn
          Article
          2226-4108-07-02-117
          10.1007/s40145-018-0263-7

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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