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      An echocardiographic index for separation of right ventricular volume and pressure overload

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          Abstract

          Abnormal motion of the interventricular septum has been described as an echocardiographic feature of both right ventricular volume and pressure overload. To determine if two-dimensional echocardiography can separate these two entities and distinguish them from normal, geometry and motion of the interventricular septum in short-axis views of the left ventricle were evaluated in 12 normal subjects and 35 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Thirteen of the 35 patients had uncomplicated atrial septal defect with associated right ventricular volume overload, but no elevation in pulmonary artery pressure. The 22 remaining patients had a pulmonary artery systolic pressure greater than 40 mm Hg and, thus, constituted the group with right ventricular pressure overload. An eccentricity index, defined as the ratio of the length of two perpendicular minor-axis diameters, one of which bisected and was perpendicular to the interventricular septum, was obtained at end-systole and end-diastole. In all normal subjects, the eccentricity index at both end-systole and end-diastole was essentially 1.0, as would be expected if the left ventricular cavity was circular in the short-axis view. In patients with right ventricular volume overload, the eccentricity index was approximately 1.0 at end-systole, but was significantly increased at end-diastole (mean eccentricity index = 1.26 +/- 0.12) (p less than 0.001). In patients with right ventricular pressure overload, the eccentricity index was significantly greater than 1.0 at both end-systole and end-diastole (1.44 +/- 0.16 and 1.26 +/- 0.11, respectively) (p less than 0.001). These results suggest that an index of eccentric left ventricular shape which reflects abnormal motion of the interventricular septum can be defined.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of the American College of Cardiology
          Journal of the American College of Cardiology
          Elsevier BV
          07351097
          April 1985
          April 1985
          : 5
          : 4
          : 918-924
          Article
          10.1016/S0735-1097(85)80433-2
          3973294
          b4e224c6-d863-4953-9fc4-666329e2f126
          © 1985

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