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      Polymer Composite and Nanocomposite Dielectric Materials for Pulse Power Energy Storage †

      review-article

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          Abstract

          This review summarizes the current state of polymer composites used as dielectric materials for energy storage. The particular focus is on materials: polymers serving as the matrix, inorganic fillers used to increase the effective dielectric constant, and various recent investigations of functionalization of metal oxide fillers to improve compatibility with polymers. We review the recent literature focused on the dielectric characterization of composites, specifically the measurement of dielectric permittivity and breakdown field strength. Special attention is given to the analysis of the energy density of polymer composite materials and how the functionalization of the inorganic filler affects the energy density of polymer composite dielectric materials.

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          Most cited references91

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          Relaxor ferroelectrics

          L. Cross (1987)
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            Ferroelectric polymers.

            A Lovinger (1983)
            Piezoelectricity and pyroelectricity, traditionally encountered in certain single crystals and ceramics, have now also been documented in a number of polymers. Recently, one such polymer-poly(vinylidene fluoride)-and some of its copolymers have been shown to be ferroelectric as well. The extraordinary molecular and supermolecular structural requirements for ferroelectric behavior in polymers are discussed in detail, with particular emphasis on poly(vinylidene fluoride). Piezoelectric, pyroelectric, and ferroelectric properties are also briefly reviewed, as are some promising applications of such polymers.
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              Physics of inhomogeneous inorganic materials

              Ce-Wen Nan (1993)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Materials (Basel)
                Materials (Basel)
                materials
                Materials
                Molecular Diversity Preservation International
                1996-1944
                29 October 2009
                December 2009
                : 2
                : 4
                : 1697-1733
                Affiliations
                Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA; E-Mails: barber@ 123456mail.chem.sc.edu (P.B.); wibowo@ 123456mail.chem.sc.edu (A.W.); Gong@ 123456mail.chem.sc.edu (S.G.); BALASUBS@ 123456cec.sc.edu (S.B.); ANGUCHAM@ 123456cec.sc.edu (Y.A.); GAO25@ 123456cec.sc.edu (H.G.)
                Author notes
                [†]

                This review’s purpose is to report significant research advances in polymer inorganic dielectric composites without regard to their industrial application potential.

                [* ]Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mails: zurloye@ 123456mail.chem.sc.edu (H-C.z.L.); ploehn@ 123456cec.sc.edu (H.J.P.); Tel.: +1-803-777-6916, Fax:+1-803-777-8508 (H-C.z.L.); Tel.: +1-803-777-7356, Fax: +1-803-777-9597 (H.J.P.).
                Article
                materials-02-01697
                10.3390/ma2041697
                5513391
                b51df870-6bf0-42b7-bc73-b8e1be93e9eb
                © 2009 by the authors.

                Licensee Molecular Diversity Preservation International, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

                History
                : 12 September 2009
                : 22 October 2009
                : 23 October 2009
                Categories
                Review

                polymer,composites,dielectric,nanocomposite,dielectric breakdown strength,energy density,surface modification,barium titanate,titania,calcium copper titanate,lanthanum strontium nickelate

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