0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Skeletal Disproportion in Children with Chronic Renal Disease

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Objectives: To assess stature and skeletal disproportion in children with chronic renal disease. Methods: Cross-sectional study of height (HT), sitting height (SH), subischial leg length (SILL), sitting height/height ratio (SH:HT) and disproportion score (SH SDS minus SILL SDS) in 56 children (M:35) with median age 11.4 years (range 4.5,18.7) with chronic renal disease. Results: There were 19 children with chronic renal insufficiency, 6 receiving peritoneal dialysis and 31 after renal transplant. The median HTSDS for the whole group was –1.21 (–2.8, 0.35). The median SH:HT ratio in non-transplanted children and renal transplant were 0.51 (0.49, 0.53) and 0.50 (0.48, 0.53), respectively (p = 0.02). The median disproportion score of the whole group was –3.2 (–4.8, –1.8). There was a significant correlation between disproportion score and SH:HT (r = 0.5, p = 0.005). SH:HT ratio was negatively related to duration of illness (r = 0.4, p = 0.005). Conclusion: Children with chronic renal disease have significant body disproportion and this may be due to a disproportionately greater effect of disease and treatment on spinal growth.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 5

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Effect of growth hormone treatment on the adult height of children with chronic renal failure. German Study Group for Growth Hormone Treatment in Chronic Renal Failure.

          Growth hormone treatment stimulates growth in short children with chronic renal failure. However, the extent to which this therapy increases final adult height is not known. We followed 38 initially prepubertal children with chronic renal failure treated with growth hormone for a mean of 5.3 years until they reached their final adult height. The mean (+/-SD) age at the start of treatment was 10.4+/-2.2 years, the mean bone age was 7.1+/-2.3 years, and the mean height was 3.1+/-1.2 SD below normal. Fifty matched children with chronic renal failure who were not treated with growth hormone served as controls. The children treated with growth hormone had sustained catch-up growth, whereas the control children had progressive growth failure. The mean final height of the growth hormone-treated children was 165 cm for boys and 156 cm for girls. The mean final adult height of the growth hormone-treated children was 1.6+/-1.2 SD below normal, which was 1.4 SD above their standardized height at base line (P< 0.001). In contrast, the final height of the untreated children (2.1+/-1.2 SD below normal) was 0.6 SD below their standardized height at base line (P<0.001). Although prepubertal bone maturation was accelerated in growth hormone-treated children, treatment was not associated with a shortening of the pubertal growth spurt. The total height gain was positively associated with the initial target-height deficit and the duration of growth hormone therapy and was negatively associated with the percentage of the observation period spent receiving dialysis treatment. Long-term growth hormone treatment of children with chronic renal failure induces persistent catch-up growth, and the majority of patients achieve normal adult height.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Placebo-controlled, double-blind, cross-over trial of growth hormone treatment in prepubertal children with chronic renal failure

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Mechanism of transplantation-associated bone loss.

               Randy Sprague (2000)
              Successful renal transplantation is associated with abnormalities of function of the musculoskeletal system. Some of these problems result from incomplete resolution of abnormalities of mineral metabolism associated with end-stage renal disease, such as persistent hyperparathyroidism, hypercalcemia and decreased vitamin D. However, it is now appreciated that skeletal abnormalities, especially osteopenia with subsequent fractures, develop following transplantation. Most of the new disorders of bone and mineral metabolism are secondary to the immunosuppression required to prevent rejection. Glucocorticoids can not only induce osteonecrosis, but also increase the risk for fractures by decreasing cancellous bone mass and synthesis of bone matrix, and dampen the linear growth response in pediatric recipients. Other immunosuppressive agents, especially the calcineurin-phosphate inhibitors, independently exert a negative effect on bone. Future investigation is required to develop a better understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms involved in post-transplant bone disease in order to develop rational approaches for prevention and treatment.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2003
                2003
                19 November 2003
                : 60
                : 5
                : 221-226
                Affiliations
                aBone and Endocrine Research Group, and bThe Renal Unit, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Yorkhill, Glasgow, UK
                Article
                74035 Horm Res 2003;60:221–226
                10.1159/000074035
                14614226
                © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 2, References: 23, Pages: 6
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Comments

                Comment on this article