16 December 2008
The early renal function parameters (RFP), i.e. urinary alanine aminopeptidase (AAP), β-galactosidase (βGAL), N-acetyl-β- D-glucosaminidase (NAG), retinol-binding protein (RBP), albumin (ALB), total protein (TP) and the conventional RFP plasma creatinine were assessed in 8 patients before and during treatment with the nephrotoxic antitumor agent cis-platin. Plasma creatinine increased during treatment with cis-platin. In all patients, acute tubular damage was revealed by early RFP. Albumin and total protein excretion patterns suggested alterations in glomerular function. The cumulative change in RBP excretion was related to plasma creatinine concentrations following cis-platin administration. The present study demonstrates that urinary RBP is a valuable parameter for the early assessment of cis-platin-induced nephrotoxicity.