The use of dynamic enhanced magnetic resonance imaging technology can effectively explore the diagnosis and clinical application of hematological malignancies. This paper selected 60 patients with hematological malignancies from 2015 to 2019; all of whom were diagnosed with hematological malignancies, including 40 men and 20 women, aged between 40 and 77 years. The main clinical manifestations of the patient are hematological malignancies, fever, and other symptoms. We used Siemens 3.0T to perform MRI and dynamic enhanced MRI examinations on 30 patients with hematological tumors. The PACS system was used to collect and organize clinical data. All patients were pathologically confirmed and clinically diagnosed with hematological malignancies. Based on the clinical data of the patients, retrospective analysis and summary were conducted and the clinical manifestations of hematological malignancies were discussed. The results showed that the diagnostic accuracy of 30 cases of dynamic enhanced MRI was 100%, while the diagnostic accuracy of ordinary MRI was lower than that of dynamic enhanced MRI, P < 0.05, and the difference was statistically significant. In addition, compared with dynamic enhanced MRI and MRI, P > 0.05, the difference was not statistically significant. Therefore, the application of dynamic enhanced MRI in the diagnosis of hematological malignancies is valuable.