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      Hypothyroid Myopathy with Unusually High Serum Creatine Kinase Values

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          Abstract

          Depending on the degree of hormone deficiency, skeletal muscle involvement may occur in hypothyroidism. Usually, hypothyroid myopathy is associated with creatine kinase values <5,000 U/l. We report a 54-year-old man suffering from increasing fatigability, hoarseness, gait disturbances and a creatine kinase of 9,000 (normal: <80 U/l). He presented with bradyphrenia, macroglossia, dysarthria, myxedema, monoparesis, reduced deep tendon reflexes and stocking-type sensory disturbances. Free triiodthyronine was 0.25 pg/ml (normal: 0.6–1.9 pg/ml), free thyroxine <0.1 ng/dl (normal: 0.6–1.8 ng/dl) and the thyroid-stimulating hormone >48.0 (normal: 0.1–4.0 IU). Clinical neurologic examination and electromyography were compatible with myopathy and polyneuropathy. Other causes of myopathy, except hypothyroidism, were excluded. After L-thyroxine therapy (1.7 μg/kg BW/day) during 3 months, the patient’s symptoms and signs vanished, except for sensory disturbances, and creatine kinase values and electromyography became normal. Severe hypothyroidism may be associated with highly elevated creatine kinase and myopathy. Adequate therapy leads to complete recovery, including myopathy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1999
          March 2000
          09 March 2000
          : 52
          : 4
          : 205-208
          Affiliations
          aLudwig Boltzmann Institute for Research in Epilepsy and Neuromuscular Disorders, bDepartment of Internal Medicine, and cDepartment of Nuclear Medicine, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria
          Article
          23462 Horm Res 1999;52:205–208
          10.1159/000023462
          10725787
          © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 1, References: 17, Pages: 4
          Categories
          Case Report

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