A foreign body in the respiratory tract is one of the common accidental injuries of children in our country, and is usually an important and serious event. Injuries caused by foreign substances in the respiratory tract seriously threaten the health and life of children in Korea and are a great challenge for parents as well. In the process of diagnosis of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract, there is often missed diagnosis or serious complications. Therefore, this article proposes the application of 64-slice spiral CT imaging technology based on smart medical augmented reality in the diagnosis of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract in order to improve the diagnosis of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract, provide help with treatment to improve the prognosis of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract, and reduce the incidence of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract. In this paper, 36 children underwent a 64-slice spiral CT scan of their lungs, and images were transferred to a workstation for multiplanar reconstruction, minimal density projection, three-dimensional volume reconstruction imaging, and CT virtual endoscopic reconstruction, the location, shape, size, and size of the foreign body in contrast with adjacent structural lesions and lesions seen during surgery. Experiments have shown that the left bronchial granulation accounted for 27.3%, the right bronchial granulation 18.75%, the main tracheal granulation 28.6%; there was no significant difference between the left and right bronchial granulation ( P > 0.05), while the main tracheal granulation and bilateral bronchial granulation there are significant differences between the shape distributions ( P < 0.05). This shows that CT imaging technology has enabled more patients to avoid surgical operations and ensure that the spiral computer can bring the greatest benefits to children. A 64-slice spiral CT scan can diagnose foreign bodies in the child's respiratory tract. The detection rate is high and the diagnostic failure rate is low. The diagnostic rationale provides a reference for early clinical treatment.