Objective To use meta-analysis to systematically compare the efficacy and adverse reaction rates of albumin paclitaxel and docetaxel in the treatment of breast cancer. Methods This study included Chinese and English literature studies on clinical controlled studies of albumin paclitaxel and docetaxel in the treatment of breast cancer by searching CNKI, Weipu, Wanfang, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library. Two researchers participated in the screening of the literature, used the inclusion and exclusion criteria as reference indicators, extracted relevant data, and used the software RevMan5.3 to conduct quality evaluation and meta-analysis of the literature. Results 4 literature stuides were retrieved that met the inclusion criteria, with 243 study subjects. The included literature had a lower risk of bias. Meta-analysis results showed that compared with the docetaxel group, the protein paclitaxel group had significant differences in objective effective rate (ORR) (OR = 1.56, 95% CI (0.80, 3.03), P=0.19), complete remission (CR) (OR = 1.79, 95% CI (0.96, 3.35), P=0.07), partial remission (PR) (OR = 0.88, 95% CI (0.53, 1.47), P=0.62), nausea (OR = 0.87, 95% CI (0.51, 1.74), P=0.84), and vomiting (OR = 0.62, 95% CI (0.45, 1.78) P=0.76). The reason may be that the number of literatures included in this study is small or the sample size is insufficient. However, it had an advantage in the incidence of neutropenia (OR = 0.38, 95% CI (0.16, 0.88), P=0.02), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant. Conclusion Albumin paclitaxel treatment can better reduce the incidence of neutropenia in breast cancer patients and is of great significance to the safety of breast cancer patients.