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      Morphological Changes in the Peritoneal Vasculature of Patients on CAPD with Ultrafiltration Failure

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          Abstract

          Vascular changes in the peritoneum were histochemically assessed in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) with ultrafiltration failure. Light microscopy showed extensive interstitial fibrosis, mesothelial denudation and vascular changes. Morphological changes in the vasculature were observed at different levels. The specific changes in the vasculature in these patients were characterized by severe fibrosis and hyalinization of the media of venules. Immunofluorescence microscopy revealed extensive deposition of such extracellular matrices as type IV collagen and laminin in the vascular wall. Electron microscopy revealed a significant increase in collagenous fibers and degeneration of smooth muscle cells in the media. However, the endothelial cells at the levels of vasculature affected were relatively well preserved. These pathological alterations in the vasculature in CAPD patients with ultrafiltration failure suggest that certain toxic factors, such as a high osmolar dialy-sate or low pH of dialysate, had affected the peritoneal vasculature from the adventitial side rather than the endothelial side. These vascular changes in the peritoneum are thought to be irreversible, associated with deterioration of peritoneal function, and to cause ultrafiltration failure in the patients on long-term CAPD therapy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          18 December 2008
          : 72
          : 2
          : 171-176
          Affiliations
          Department of Medicine, Kidney Center, Tokyo Women’s Medical College, Tokyo, Japan
          Article
          188837 Nephron 1996;72:171–176
          10.1159/000188837
          8684522
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Peritoneum, Vascular changes, CAPD, Ultrafiltration failure

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