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      New species of the genera Bracon Fabricius and Syntomernus Enderlein (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Braconinae) from South Korea

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          Abstract

          Six new species, Bracon ( Bracon) kimchanghyoi sp. nov., B. ( B.) yeogisanensis sp. nov., B. ( Habrobracon) allevatus sp. nov., B. ( Osculobracon) perspicillatus sp. nov., Syntomernus flavus sp. nov., and S. scabrosus sp. nov. are described from South Korea and short keys for their identification are presented. The genus Ficobracon van Achterberg & Weiblen, 2000, syn. nov. is considered a junior synonym of Syntomernus Enderlein, 1920 and new combinations are proposed for Syntomernus asphondyliae (Watanabe, 1940), comb. nov., S. brusi (van Achterberg & Weiblen, 2000), comb. nov., S. codonatus (Huang & van Achterberg, 2013), comb. nov., S. kashmirensis (Maqbool, Akbar & Wachkoo, 2018), comb. nov., S. rhiknosus (Huang & van Achterberg, 2013), comb. nov., S. sunosei (Maeto, 1991), comb. nov. (= Bracon flaccus Papp, 1996, syn. nov.), and S. tamabae (Maeto, 1991), comb. nov.

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          Most cited references 29

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          The Old World genera of braconine wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

           Donald Quicke (1987)
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            Skeletal Morphology of Opius dissitus and Biosteres carbonarius (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with a Discussion of Terminology

            The Braconidae, a family of parasitic wasps, constitute a major taxonomic challenge with an estimated diversity of 40,000 to 120,000 species worldwide, only 18,000 of which have been described to date. The skeletal morphology of braconids is still not adequately understood and the terminology is partly idiosyncratic, despite the fact that anatomical features form the basis for most taxonomic work on the group. To help address this problem, we describe the external skeletal morphology of Opius dissitus Muesebeck 1963 and Biosteres carbonarius Nees 1834, two diverse representatives of one of the least known and most diverse braconid subfamilies, the Opiinae. We review the terminology used to describe skeletal features in the Ichneumonoidea in general and the Opiinae in particular, and identify a list of recommend terms, which are linked to the online Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology. The morphology of the studied species is illustrated with SEM-micrographs, photos and line drawings. Based on the examined species, we discuss intraspecific and interspecific morphological variation in the Opiinae and point out character complexes that merit further study.
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              Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea)

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2020
                30 November 2020
                : 999
                : 1-47
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg 199034, Russia Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences St Petersburg Russia
                [2 ] The Science Museum of Natural Enemies, Geochang, 50147, South Korea The Science Museum of Natural Enemies Geochang South Korea
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Konstantin Samartsev ( k.samartsev@ 123456gmail.com )

                Academic editor: K. van Achterberg

                Article
                58747
                10.3897/zookeys.999.58747
                7723887
                Konstantin Samartsev, Deok-Seo Ku

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                A grant from the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR) funded by the Ministry of Environment (MOE) of the Republic of Korea (NIBR201902205 and NIBR202002205), the state research project No АААА-А19-119020690101-6 and the grant No 19-04-00027 by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research.
                Categories
                Research Article
                Braconidae
                Taxonomy
                Cenozoic
                South Korea

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