Anlotinib, an oral small-molecular tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) on tumor angiogenesis and growth, has a wide spectrum of inhibitory effects on targets such as vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 2/3 (VEGFR2/3), etc. The efficacy and safety of anlotinib in the treatment of platinum-resistant or platinum-refractory ovarian cancer were evaluated.
Patients with platinum-resistant or platinum-refractory ovarian cancer that treated with anlotinib in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 2018 to March 2020 were included. Medical records were reviewed in terms of objective response, survival outcomes, and safety.
A total of 38 patients were analyzed. The median progression-free survival and the median overall survival were 7.7 months (95% CI: 6.7–8.7) and 16.5 months (95% CI: 13.3–19.7), respectively. About 17 patients received anlotinib monotherapy, and the median progression-free survival was 7.7 months (95% CI: 6.3–9.1). A total of 19 cases received anlotinib plus chemotherapy with a median progression-free survival of 8.0 months (95% CI: 4.8–11.2). A total of 2 cases received anlotinib plus anti-PD-1 antibody pembrolizumab, and 1 case had partial response, the other progressive disease. The objective response rate was 42.1% while the disease control rate was 86.8%. A total of 5 patients experienced dose reduction from 12 mg to 10 mg because of adverse effects. The most common adverse effects were hypertension (31.6%), fatigue (28.9%), anorexia (26.3%) and hand-foot syndrome (23.7%). No treatment-related deaths were recorded.
Anlotinib produced moderate improvements in progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with platinum-resistant or platinum-refractory ovarian cancer. It indicates that anlotinib maybe a new treatment option for patients with platinum-resistant or platinum-refractory ovarian cancer.