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      Current status of global dairy goat production: an overview

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          Abstract

          The global goat population continues to grow and is now over one billion. The number of goats raised primarily for milk production is also growing, due to expanding demand. Most of the world dairy goat production and consumption is in Asia, but a global view of the dairy goat sector reveals important lessons about building successful modern dairy goat industries. The most organized market for goat milk is found in Europe, especially in France. The European goat sector is specialized for milk production, mostly for industrial cheesemaking, while also supporting traditional on-farm manufacturing. Government involvement is significant in sanitary regulation, research, extension, support for local producer organizations, and markets, and ensures safety and quality. Nonetheless, producers are still vulnerable to market fluctuations. New dairy goat industries are developing in countries without a long goat milk tradition, such as China, the United States, and New Zealand, due to rising consumer demand, strong prices, and climate change. The mix of policies, management and markets varies widely, but regardless of the country, the dairy goat sector thrives when producers have access to markets, and the tools and skills to sustainably manage their livestock and natural resources. These are most readily achieved through strong and inclusive producer organizations, access to technical services, and policies that enable the poor and marginalized groups to benefit from increasing demand.

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          Most cited references35

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          Development and trial of vaccines against Brucella

          The search for ideal brucellosis vaccines remains active today. Currently, no licensed human or canine anti-brucellosis vaccines are available. In bovines, the most successful vaccine (S19) is only used in calves, as adult vaccination results in orchitis in male, prolonged infection, and possible abortion complications in pregnant female cattle. Another widely deployed vaccine (RB51) has a low protective efficacy. An ideal vaccine should exhibit a safe profile as well as enhance protective efficacy. However, currently available vaccines exhibit one or more major drawbacks. Smooth live attenuated vaccines suffer shortcomings such as residual virulence and serodiagnostic interference. Inactivated vaccines, in general, confer relatively low levels of protection. Recent developments to improve brucellosis vaccines include generation of knockout mutants by targeting genes involved in metabolism, virulence, and the lipopolysaccharide synthesis pathway, as well as generation of DNA vaccines, mucosal vaccines, and live vectored vaccines, have all produced varying degrees of success. Herein, we briefly review the bacteriology, pathogenesis, immunological implications, candidate vaccines, vaccinations, and models related to Brucella.
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            Specialty products made from goat milk

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              Grazing behavior and diet selection of goats

              C.D. Lu (1988)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Asian-Australas J Anim Sci
                Asian-australas. J. Anim. Sci
                Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
                Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) and Korean Society of Animal Science and Technology (KSAST)
                1011-2367
                1976-5517
                August 2019
                1 July 2019
                : 32
                : 8 , Special Issue
                : 1219-1232
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Natural and Physical Sciences, University of Arkansas - PTC, North Little Rock, AR 72118, USA
                [2 ]College of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resource Management, University of Hawaii, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding Author: Beth A. Miller, Tel: +1-501-812-2765, E-mail: bmiller@ 123456uaptc.edu
                Author information
                http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0241-654X
                http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9254-1044
                Article
                ajas-19-0253
                10.5713/ajas.19.0253
                6668863
                31357263
                b6b01f7a-19f8-4b87-bae6-6501b4c73fcb
                Copyright © 2019 by Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 26 March 2019
                : 15 May 2019
                : 05 June 2019
                Categories
                Review Paper

                asia,dairy goats,europe,goat cheese,goat milk,united states
                asia, dairy goats, europe, goat cheese, goat milk, united states

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